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Zakat in Islam; A Basic Explanation

Islamic Shariah On Website: Zakat in Islam ~ Hi all readers! Zakat is a ritual in Islam. Zakat is giving some assets to some types of people who are entitled to receive it. Zakat is one of the obligations of wealthy Muslims. There are some basic things about that that I will explain in this article.

As usual, before I explain some basic things about zakat, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. The hadith I mean is as follows;

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمِا : أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعَثَ مُعَاذًا إِلَى الْيَمَنِ – فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيْثَ – وَفِيْهِ : إِنَّ اللهَ فَرَضَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَدَقَةً فِيْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ تُؤْخَذُ مِنْ أَغْنِيَائِهِمْ وَتُرَدُّ إِلَى فُقَرَائِهِمْ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Ibn Abbas radliyyallahu ‘anhuma, that the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had sent Mua’adz to Yemen – he then mentioned his hadith. In the hadith there is a statement, “That indeed Allah has required them to pay zakat for their assets. (Zakat) is taken from those who are rich and given to those who are poor.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

Read;

Zakat for Cows

The Virtues of Zakat Al-Fitr

There are some important things related to the above hadith that we must know;

First; The hadith explains that rich Muslims must pay zakat.

Second; The hadith explains that Zakat is taken from the wealth of wealthy Muslims and given to poor Muslims (Fuqara’).

Third; The hadith explains that rich Muslims must sacrifice zakat. That is their obligation as a Muslim.

Fourth; The hadith explains, that the person who is obliged to take alms from rich Muslims is a leader or people who help him/her for that.
Fifth; The hadith explained that zakat should not be given to non-Muslims.

Sixth; The hadith explains that to invite someone to become a Muslim must be in a good and gradual manner. Indeed, it is not explained specifically in the hadith text above. But we can find that explanation in the full text of the hadith. The first thing to do is invite them to believe in Allah and the Prophet Muhammad. If they have done that, then we must explain that to perform the five obligatory prayers. If they have done that, then we must explain that those who are rich must pay zakat.

All Readers! That is a brief explanation of some basic things about zakat in Islam. If you want to ask, please ask.

I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you in the next article!

Reference;

Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibanatu al-Ahkam Syarhu Bulughi al-Maram, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 215-217.

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