Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain some important things about Zakat al-Fitr. Maybe you already know what that. That zakat must be paid by all Muslims before they perform Eid prayer. As Muslims, we must know that.
As usual, before I explain a few things about Zakat al-Fitr, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. The hadith I mean is as follows;
عَنْ اِبْنِ عُمَرٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : فَرَضَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ زَكَاةَ الْفِطْرِ صَاعًا مِنْ تَمْرٍ – أَوْ صَاعًا مِنْ شَعِيْرٍ – عَلَى الْعَبْدِ وَالْحُرِّ وَالذَّكَرِ وَالْأُنْثَى وَالصَّغِيْرِ وَالْكَبِيْرِ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ , وَأَمَرَ بِهَا أَنْ تُؤَدِّىَ قَبْلَ خُرُوْجِ النَّاسِ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Ibn Umar radliyallahu ‘anhuma, he said, “The messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam has required Zakat Fitr of one Sha’ of dates – or one Sha’ of wheat – to a slave, a free man, woman, small child and old people from Muslims. He ordered that it be given before people leave the house to pray Eid (Eid al-Fitr).” The hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
There are some important things about this hadith that we must know;
First; The hadith explains that the Zakat is an obligation that must be carried out by all Muslims, both a slave, a free person, a man, a woman, a child, and an elderly person.
Second; The hadith explains the standard of Zakat Fitr; one Sha’ or 2035 kg. or 2.6 kg.
Third: The majority of Islamic legal experts say, that what is used as Zakat al-Fitr is food in general. So, if people in a region eat rice, then what is used as material for Zakat al-Fitr is rice. But Abu Hanifah said, that Zakat al-Fitr may be paid in money.
Fourth; The hadith explains about the time to pay Zakat al-Fitr; before Muslims leave the house to pray Eid al-Fitr. But according to another opinion, that Zakat al-Fitr may be paid a few days before that, that ash-Shafi’i said, that Zakat al-Fitr may be paid on the first day of Ramadan.
All Readers! That is a brief explanation of some matters relating to Zakat Fitr. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibanatu al-Ahkam Syarhu Bulughi al-Maram, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 249-250.