Is Islam Allowed Women to Become Imam in Prayer? ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain something that might be strange to someone. In general, people who become imam in jamaah prayer are men. In a number of previous articles, I have explained the criteria of the person most entitled to become a priest. But, can women become imam in prayer?
As always, before I answer the question above, I will quote one hadith specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Women Become Imam in Prayer (Salat)
The Hadith about women to become Imam in prayer (Salat) that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ أُمِّ وَرَقَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَمَرَهَا أَنْ تَؤُمَّ أَهْلَ دَارِهَا . رَوَاهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ
From Ummu Waraqah radliyallaahu anhaa, that the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam told her to lead (to be imam in prayer) her family.” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud.
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
One; The above hadith explains, that women are better at home than they go out for jihad.
Two; The hadith explains that women may lead their families to pray (become imam).
All readers! If we understand the brief information above, then of course we understand, that women may become imam in prayer for their families. But actually, there are differences of opinion among experts on Islamic law about it;
One; In absolute terms, Malik and Abu Hanifah forbade women from becoming imam in prayer. That is because the imam is a very big business that only men can do.
Two; Ash-Shafi’i and Ahmad said that women may be imam in prayer for women, not for men.