Is Islam Allowed Women to Become Imam in Prayer? ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain something that might be strange to someone. In general, people who become imam in jamaah prayer are men. In a number of previous articles, I have explained the criteria of the person most entitled to become a priest. But, can women become imam in prayer?
As always, before I answer the question above, I will quote one hadith specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Women to Become Imam in Prayer (Salat)
The Hadith About women to become Imam in prayer (Salat) that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ أُمِّ وَرَقَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَمَرَهَا أَنْ تَؤُمَّ أَهْلَ دَارِهَا . رَوَاهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ
From Ummu Waraqah radliyallaahu anhaa, that the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam told her to lead (to be imam in prayer) her family.” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud.
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
One; The above hadith explains, that women are better at home than they go out for jihad.
Two; The hadith explains that women may lead their families to pray (become imam).
All readers! If we understand the brief information above, then of course we understand, that women may become imam in prayer for their families. But actually, there are differences of opinion among experts on Islamic law about it;
One; In absolute terms, Malik and Abu Hanifah forbade women from becoming imam in prayer. That is because the imam is a very big business that only men can do.
Two; Ash-Shafi’i and Ahmad said that women may be imam in prayer for women, not for men.
Three; Abu Tsur and Tabari said that women can only be imam in prayer for their families, even though there is a man in the family.
All readers! That is the difference of opinion about whether women can be imam in prayer. I will not make a conclusion because experts in legal experts have their own reasons for expressing opinions.
That is a brief explanation of the legality of women to become Imam in prayer. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 21, 30-32.