Witr Prayer and the Virtues ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain Witr prayer and its virtues. For those of you who don’t know about this sunnah prayer, it is a sunnah prayer that is done after the Isha prayer until before dawn appears. The number of rakaats is odd. There are some important things about that that I will explain in this article.
As always, before I explain Witr prayer and the virtues further, I will quote a number of hadiths that are specifically related to our discussion. Pay attention!
Hadith About Witr Prayer and the Virtues
The hadith about Witr prayer and the virtues that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ أَبِيْ أَيُّوْبَ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ ؛ الْوِتْرُ حَقٌّ عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ ، مَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يُوْتِرَ بِخَمْسٍ فَلْيَفْعَلْ ، وَمَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يُوْتِرَ بِثَلَاثٍ فَلْيَفْعَلْ ، وَمَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يُوْتِرَ بِوَاحِدَةٍ فَلْيَفْعَلْ . رَوَاهُ الْأَرْبَعَةُ إِلَّا التِّرْمِذِيُّ
From Abu Ayyub al-Ansari radliyallaahu ‘anhu, that the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Witr prayer is the obligation of every Muslim. Whoever likes the five rak’ah of prayer, then he will do it. Whoever likes three rak’ah of prayer, then let him do. Anyone who likes one rak’ah of prayer, then let him do.” The hadith is narrated by four people except at-Tirmidhi (Abu Daud, an-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah).
عَنْ جَابِرٍ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَامَ فِيْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ انْتَظَرُوْهُ مِنَ الْقَابِلَةِ فَلَمْ يَخْرُجْ وَقَالَ ؛ إِنِّيْ خَشِيْتُ أَنْ يُكْتَبَ عَلَيْكُمْ الْوِتْرُ . رَوَاهُ ابْنُ حِبَّانٍ
From Jabir bin Abdillah radliyallaahu ‘anhumaa, that the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam performed tarawih prayer during the month of Ramadan. Then they waited for him the next night, but he did not come out (the house) and said, “Indeed I am worried that the Witr prayer will be obliged to you.” The hadith is narrated by Ibn Hibban.
عَنْ عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ؛ أَوْتِرُوْا يَا أَهْلَ الْقُرْآنِ فَإِنَّ اللهَ وِتْرٌ يُحِبُّ الْوِتْرَ . رَوَاهُ الْخَمْسَةٌ
From Ali radliyallaahu ‘anhu, he said,” Allah’s Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,” Pray witr, O Ahul the Qur’an! Indeed, Allah is one and likes the prayer of the Witir. “The hadith is narrated by five people (Ahmad, Abu Daud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah).
عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ ؛ إِذَا طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ فَقَدْ ذَهَبَ وَقْتُ كُلِّ صَلَاةِ اللَّيْلِ وَالْوِتْرِ ، فَأَوْتِرُوْا قَبْلَ طُلُوْعِ الْفَجْرِ . رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ
From Ibn Umar radliyallaahu anhumaa, from the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, he said,” If dawn has arisen, then really the time for evening prayer and witir prayer is gone. Pray witr before dawn appears! “The hadith is narrated by at-Tirmidhi.
There are some important things related to the above hadiths that we need to know;
One; Witir prayer is a sunnah prayer that is highly recommended, but it is not an obligation (a Muslim is not required to do so). That is the opinion of the majority of Islamic law experts, because someone is given the freedom to determine the amount of the rak’ah. But according to Abu Hanifah it is obligatory.
Two; There is a difference of opinion among experts on Islamic law about the number of rak’ah prayers. Malik said that it was one. Abu Hanifa said that it was three. Ash-Shafi’i and Ahmad said that it could be done with one, three, up to eleven. The important thing is odd numbers.
Three; The second hadith explains, that witr prayer is not an obligation.
Four; Allah Ta’ala likes a servant who performs Witr prayer (this is the virtue).
Five; The fourth hadith explains, that the Witr prayer is the most important sunnah prayer performed at night. The hadith also explains, witr prayer can not be done if the dawn has appeared, as well as all the sunnah prayers performed at night.
The intention of the Witir prayer is as follows;
أُصَلِّيْ سُنَّةً مِنَ الْوِتْرِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ مُسْتَقْبِلَ الْقِبْلَةِ لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى