What to Do If You Can’t Do Ghusl? Read This!

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Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of “what to do if you can’t do ghusl?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!

Specifically, there are five key points about “what to do if you can’t do ghusl?” which I will explain in this article. The five important things I mean are as follows:

  1. Why Is Ghusl Important for Muslims?
  2. When Is Ghusl Compulsory for Muslims?
  3. What to Do If You Can’t Do Ghusl?
  4. What Is Tayammum in Islam?
  5. How Did You Do Tayammum?

Why Is Ghusl Important for Muslims?

The first important thing about “what to do if you can’t do ghusl?” what I will explain now is “why is ghusl important for Muslims?”. I want you to understand that first before you read more explanations in this article so that you can understand the urgency of our discussion now.

In general, in Islam, there are three types of ghusl:

One: regular ghusl.

What is meant by ordinary ghusl is ghusl which is done to cleanse the body.

Two: ghusl sunnah (recommended ghusl).

What is meant by ghusl sunnah is ghusl that is recommended for Muslims, such as ghusl before Friday prayers for male Muslims.

Three: compulsory ghusl.

What is meant by compulsory ghusl is ghusl that Muslims must do for several reasons. The goal is to remove the big hadas. Another term for compulsory ghusl is ghusl Janabah.

But what is meant by ghusl in our discussion now is compulsory ghusl or ghusl Janabah. I will not go into detail about the other two types of ghusl now: the regular ghusl and the sunnah ghusl.

So, compulsory ghusl or ghusl Janabah is ghusl that is done to eliminate major hadas. Big Hadas is a condition that causes Muslims not to do some things that require them to be in a holy condition, such as Tawaf, touching the Quran, praying, and so on.

In other words, ghusl is very important for Muslims to remove the big hadas so that they can do these things. So, if you ask me, “Why is ghusl compulsory for Muslims?”, then that’s the answer.

That is a brief explanation of “why ghusl is compulsory for Muslims?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.

When Is Ghusl Compulsory for Muslims?

The second important thing about “what to do if you can’t do ghusl?” what I will explain now is “when is ghusl compulsory for Muslims?”. I want you to understand that so that you have a complete understanding of our discussion.

In general, as I explained earlier, that compulsory ghusl or ghusl Janabah is done to eliminate major hadas. In other words, when Muslims have a big hadas, then they have to do compulsory ghusl or ghusl Janabah. That is the answer if you ask me, “When is ghusl compulsory for Muslims?”.

But there are some differences about what causes male Muslims and female Muslims to have big hadas. The explanation is as follows:

The Cause of Big Hadas for Male Muslims

If we read some of the Islamic legal literature on big hadas, then we will find that the things that cause male Muslims to have big hadas are as follows:

One: sex.

Sex is one of the things that causes male Muslims to have a big hadas. We can find this explanation in the hadith below:

عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : إِذَا جَلَسَ بَيْنَ شُعَبِهَا الْأَرْبَعٍ ثُمَّ جَهَدَهَا فَقَدْ وَجَبَ الْغُسْلُ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ . وَزَادَ مُسْلِمٌ : وَإنْ لَمْ يَنْزِلْ

From Abu Hurairah radliyallahu anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam has said, “If someone has sat between her four branches, then he burdens her, then he must take a shower. ” This hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim. Muslim add the hadith editorial, “Even though he doesn’t come out his sperm.”

Two: releasing sperm.

Releasing sperm is one of the things that causes male Muslim to have a big hadas. Some examples of actions that can release sperm are wet dreams and masturbation. We can find this explanation in the hadith below:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : فِيْ الْمَرْأَةِ تَرَى فِيْ مَنَامِهَا مَا يَرَى الرَّجُلُ — قَالَ : تَغْتَسِلْ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ . زَادَ مُسْلِمٌ : فَقَالَتْ أُمُّ سَلَمَةَ : وَهَلْ يَكُوْنُ هَذَا ؟ قَالَ : نَعَمْ , فَمِنْ أَيْنَ الشِّبْهُ

From Anas radliyalaahu anhu, he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam has said (about women who dream of seeing something seen by men in his dream him), “She must take a bath.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim. Muslim added the editor of the hadith, “Um Salamah then asked, “And is this there?” He (Prophet Muhammad) replied, “Yes. Then where is that similarity?”

The Cause of Big Hadas for Muslim Women

If we read some Islamic legal literacies about the big hadas, then we will find that the things that cause Muslim women to have big hadas are as follows:

One: sex

The explanation that sex is one of the things that causes Muslim women to have a big hadas is the same as the explanation in the context of male Muslims. So, I will not explain that again here.

Two: releasing sperm.

The explanation that releasing sperm is one of the things that causes female Muslims to have a big hadas is the same as the explanation in the context of male Muslims. So, I will not explain that again here.

Three: menstruation.

Menstruation is one of the things that causes Muslim women to have a big hadas. We can find this explanation in the hadith below:

قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : إِذَا أقْبَلَتِ الحَيْضَةُ، فَدَعِي الصَّلَاةَ، وإذَا أدْبَرَتْ، فَاغْسِلِي عَنْكِ الدَّمَ وصَلِّي

Allah’s Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, “If menstruation has come, then do not pray. If it (menstruation) has gone, then clean the menstrual blood and pray.”

Four: Nifas.

Nifas is one of the things that causes Muslim women to have a big hadas. We can find this explanation in the opinion of Imam an-Nawawi, one of the experts in Islamic law from Indonesia, below:

لِأَنَّ الْغُسْلَ يَجِبُ بِخُرُوْجِ الْمَاءِ الَّذِيْ يُخْلَقُ مِنْهُ الْوَلَدُ، فَبِخُرُوْجِ الْوَلَدِ أَوْلَى

Because, really ghusl is compulsory with the cause of the release of water (sperm) that babies are created from, then with the birth of a child (the obligation to bathe) it is more important (because of ghusl).

That is a brief explanation of “when is ghusl compulsory for Muslims?”. As a Muslim, you have to understand that.

Read Also:

What Are the Rules of Janabah in Islam?

What to Do If You Can’t Do Ghusl?

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Founder, Author, Indonesian Blogger, Muslim, Graduate of Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

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