Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of “what is mahr in Islam?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!
Specifically, there are two important things about “what is mahr in Islam?” which I will explain in this article. Two important things I mean are as follows:
Literal Meaning of Mahr
The first important thing about “what is mahr in Islam?” what I will explain now is the literal meaning of mahr. I want you to understand that first because it is one of the important things in this discussion that must be well understood.
“Mahr” is an Arabic term. The writing is الْمَهْرُ. Mahr has another term. The term is Sadaq. The writing is الصَّدَاقُ.
المَهْرُ لُغَةً : هُوَ مَا يَلْتَزِمُ الزَّوْجُ بِأَدَائِهِ إِلَى زَوْجَتِهِ حِيْنَ يَتِمُّ زِوَاجُهُ بِهَا
Mahr in Arabic is something that a husband should give to his wife when his marriage to her is perfect.
So, we can conclude that the literal meaning of mahr is something that a husband gives to his wife after the marriage contract (aqd an-Nikah). Literally, there is no mahr specification. What is important is something a husband should give to his wife.
That is a brief explanation of the literal meaning of mahr. As Muslims, we must understand that.
What Is Mahr in Islam?
The second important point about “what is mahr in Islam?” what I’m going to explain now is a specific answer. So, you should read the explanation below carefully.
To be honest, there are many explanations about the meaning of mahr in Islam. Of course, I’m not going to explain all of that here. In this article, I will explain two meanings of mahr in Islam only.
The two meanings of mahr in Islam that I mean are as follows:
الصَّدَاقُ أَوِ الْمَهْرُ فِيْ الْفِقْهِ الْإِسْلَامِيُّ هُوَ : مَا يَدْفَعُهُ الزَّوْجُ لِزَوْجَتِهِ بِعَقْدِ الزَّوَاجِ مُعَجَّلاً أَوْ مُؤَجَّلاً
Shadaq or Mahr in Islamic law is something that a husband gives to his wife because of the marriage contract in cash (directly) or in installments.
الْمَهْرُ هُوَ الْمَالُ الَّذِيْ وَجَبَ عَلَى الزَّوْجِ دَفْعُهُ لِزَوْجَتِهِ بِسَبَبِ عَقْدِ النِّكَاحِ
Mahr is property that must be given by a husband to his wife because of the marriage contract.
All readers! If we understand the explanation of the two meanings of mahr in Islam as explained above, we can conclude that mahr in Islam is something that a husband gives to his wife during the marriage contract. Something that can be in the form of objects, such as houses, money, cars, clothes and so on, or other things that a wife wants, such as if a wife wants her husband to read the Quran as mahr, and so on.
In Islam, there are many explanations about mahr. We can find it in some of the verses of the Quran and hadith below: