Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of “what does talaq mean in Islam?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article! Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you have to read it to the end.
Specifically, there are three important things about “what does talaq mean in Islam?” which I will explain in this article. The three important things I mean are as follows:
- Literal Meaning of Talaq.
- What Does Talaq Mean in Islam?
- Difference in Literal Meaning of Talaq and Meaning of Talaq in Islam.
Literal Meaning of Talaq
The first important point about “what does talaq mean in Islam?” what I will explain now is “literal meaning of talaq”. I want you to understand that before you read any more explanations in this article because it is one of the basic things about talaq that must be understood very well. In addition, there are some Muslims who do not understand it well.
If we read some Arabic literacies about the word “talaq”, then we will find several “literal meanings of talaq” as follows:
اِنْفِصَالُ أَحَدِ الزَّوْجَيْنِ عَنِ الْآخَرِ
The separation of one partner from the other (separation of husband and wife).
التَّحَرُّرُ مِنَ الشَّيْءِ وَالتَحَلُّلُ مِنْهُ
Separated from something and free from something.
التَّحَرُّرُ وَالْإِطْلَاقُ ، وَتَطَلَّقَتْ الْمَرْأَةُ أَيْ تَحَلَّلَتْ مِنْ زَوْجِهَا وَخَرَجَتْ مِنْ عِصْمَتِهِ
Separated and detached. (So, the meaning of the sentence) “a woman has been divorced” is that she has been separated from her husband and separated from his care.
If we read some literal meanings of talaq as I have explained, then we will understand that talaq literally is separation. It means that the husband is separated from his wife or the wife is separated from her husband. We must understand that because there is a difference between the literal meaning of talaq and the meaning of talaq in Islam or in Islamic law. I’ll explain that in a moment.
That is a brief explanation of literal meaning of talaq. As Muslims, we must understand that.
What Does Talaq Mean in Islam?
The second important thing about “what does talaq mean in Islam?” what I’m going to explain now is a specific answer. I want you to understand that because it is one of the important things about talaq in Islam or in Islamic law that must be well understood by Muslims, especially Muslims who are married or Muslims who want a divorce.
In general, if we read some Islamic legal literature on talaq, then we will find an explanation that the meaning of talaq in Islam is as follows:
إِزَالَةُ عَقْدِ النِّكَاحِ بِلَفْظٍ مَخْصُوْصٍ ، أَوْ بِكُلِّ لَفْظٍ يَدُلُّ عَلَى الطَّلَاقِ
Eliminate the marriage contract (aqd an-Nikah) with certain words or with all words that mean divorce.
حَلُّ عَقْدِ النِّكَاحِ بِلَفْظٍ صَرِيْحٍ أَوْ كِنَايَةٍ مَعَ النِّيَّةِ
Cancel the marriage contract (aqd an-Nikah) with clear or unclear words (satire or parable) with niyyah for talaq.
If we read two meanings of talaq in Islam or two definitions of talaq in Islam as I have quoted above, then we do not find much difference. The difference is only in the explanation of “what is talaq in Islam?”.
Two meanings of talaq in Islam or two definitions of talaq in Islam as I have quoted explained that talaq is to cancel the marriage contract with a talaq sentence, a clear talaq sentence or an unclear talaq sentence.
What is meant by clear talaq sentences are talaq sentences that can be understood easily. People can understand that the utterance is a talaq sentence, such as “I divorced you” or “you are not my wife anymore”.
What is meant by unclear talaq sentence are talaq sentences that cannot be understood easily but are sentences that are spoken to divorce a wife, such as, “you are like my mother”, or “your body is like my sister’s body to me”.
One important thing that must be understood is that if the husband wants to give talaq to his wife with a “clear talaq sentence” or “unclear talaq sentence”, when he pronounces the sentence, he must intend to give talaq to his wife. If he pronounces it without the intention of giving talaq, then his talaq is invalid.
That is a brief explanation of “what does talaq mean in Islam?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.