**Learning Islamic Law**: Water Did Prophet Muhammad Use for Ablution ~ Hi all readers! In a number of previous articles, we have discussed ablution. We already know how **the Prophet Muhammad** ablution. Any body member that must be washed and what should be rubbed. In this article, I will explain one thing that is more detailed in his wudu; about how much water he used for ablution.

I will quote one hadith to explain the purpose of this article. The hadith that I mean is;

عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : كَانَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَتَوَضَّأُ بِالْمُدِّ وَيَغْتَسِلُ بِالصَّاعِ إِلَى خَمْسَةِ أَمَدَادٍ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

*From Anas radliyallaahu ‘anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah shallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam doing ablution (wudu) with using water as much as 1 Mud and he takes a bath using 1 Sha’ to 5 Mud.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.*

Read;

From the above hadith we understand that the water used by the Prophet Muhammad for wudlu is 1 Mud and the water he uses to bathe is 1 Sha’ until 5 Mud. But what is the amount in liter size?

You need to know that 1 Mud is equivalent to 0.688 liters or 0.687 liters, while 1 Sha’ is equivalent to 4 Mud. Thus, 1 Sha’ is 4 x 0.688 (or 0.687) = 2.75 (or 2.74) liters. Thus, 1 Sha’ to 5 Mud is 2.75 (or 2.74) + 0.688 (or 0.687) = 3.43 (3.42) liters. The conclusion is that the Prophet Muhammad used water as much as 0.688 or 0.687 liters. Whereas if he bathes, then he uses water as much as 3.43 or 3.42 liters. This conclusion is based on the hadith above.

Of course, water that is less than 1 liter, exactly 0.688 or 0.687 liters is not enough to wash and wipe all the limbs that must be washed and rubbed when someone is ablution. Thus, the hadith explains that the Prophet Muhammad only washed and rubbed the limbs that he had to wash and which he had to wipe when he was ablution. Of course, this happens in a case not all cases. The amount of water he uses also gives us an idea of how precious water was at that time.

In addition to the above conclusions, actually, if we observe the hadith, of course we understand several things as follows;

**One**; One cannot overdo it when he uses water. The amount of water to be used must be in accordance with the needs.

**Two**; The amount of water in the hadith above is an estimate for the person whose body is the same as the Prophet Muhammad. That’s not absolute size.

Do you understand? If you don’t understand, then please ask!

I think that is a brief explanation about water did Prophet Muhammad use for ablution. May be useful! Amen!

See you again in the next article!

**Note;**

We can find information about all that in, Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and ‘Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Dar al-Fikr, Beirut, Vol. I, p. 78-79.

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