Does Vomiting and Nosebleeds Damage Ablution (Wudu)? ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will convey vomit status, nosebleeds, and fluids coming from my throat and fill my mouth, can it damage ablution? I think we all already know about each of the things I mentioned earlier. Vomiting is dirt that comes from the stomach that comes out through the mouth because our body is feverish or because we are sick. Nosebleeds are blood coming out of the nose. As for other fluids that come from the throat and fill the mouth, I don’t know what the term is, but usually, it comes out when someone is feverish and has a headache, especially when he is on public transportation.
As always, before I answer the question above and speak more about vomiting and nosebleeds, I will quote the hadith of Prophet Muhammad, which is specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Vomiting, Nosebleeds, and Ablution (Wudu)
The hadith about vomiting, nosebleeds, and ablution (wudu) that I mean is as follows;
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : مَنْ أَصَابَهُ قَيْءٌ , أَوْ رُعَافٌ , أَوْ قَلَسٌ , أَوْ مَذْيٌ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ , ثُمَّ لْيَبْنِ عَلَى صَلَاتِهِ وَهُوَ لَا يَتَكَلَّمُ . أَخْرَجَهُ اِبْنُ مَاجَهْ
From Aisha radliyallahu anha, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam had said, “Whoever is affected by vomiting, nosebleeds, qalas (a liquid that comes from the throat that fills the mouth or the other but not vomit) or madzi, then let him wash later continue the prayer as long as he doesn’t speak.” The hadith is narrated by Ibn Majah.
All readers! If we look at the hadith above, then we will understand that all the things I have said above can damage ablution (wudu). But there are differences of opinion among legal experts about this.
The difference of opinion I mean is as follows;
One; The Shafi’iyah sect and the Malikiyah sect argued that vomit and liquid coming from the throat and filling the mouth could damage ablution (wudu).
Two; The Hanafiyah sect argues, that the liquid originating from the two things I mentioned in the first point, as long as it does not fill the mouth, then it cannot damage ablution (wudu).
Three; Ahmad makes a difference between vomit and fluid that comes from the throat. For him, the liquid that comes from the throat, even though it doesn’t fill the mouth, cannot completely damage ablution (wudu). Likewise, the vomit is small in number. But if there is a lot of vomit, then it can damage ablution (wudu).