Basic Understanding Qasr Prayer ~ Hi all readers! Do you know what Qasr prayer is? Qasr prayer is an obligatory prayer that is done by reducing the number of rak’ahs. So, that is not the kind of additional obligatory prayer that we do five times a day. Its status is optional if someone has experienced a certain condition. There are some important things about that which I will explain briefly in this article.
As always, before I explain the theme of this article further, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to this theme. Pay attention!
Hadith About Qasr Prayer
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ ؛ أَوَّلُ مَا فُرِضَتْ الصَّلَاةُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَأُقِرَّتْ صَلَاةُ السَّفَرِ وَأُتِّمَتْ صَلَاةُ الْحَضَرِ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ. وَ لِلْبُخَارِيِّ ؛ ثُمَّ هَاجَرَ ، فَفُرِضَتْ أَرْبَعًا ، وَأُقِّرَتْ صَلَاةُ السَّفَرِ عَلَى الْأَوَّلِ . زَادَ أَحْمَدُ ؛ إِلَّا الْمَغْرِبَ فَإِنَّهَا وِتْرُ النَّهَارِ ، وَإِلَّا الصُّبْحَ فَإِنَّهَا تُطَوَّلُ فِيْهَا اْلقِرَاءَةُ .
From Aisha radliyallaahu ‘anhaa, she said, “The first time the obligatory prayer is two rak’ahs, then the Safar prayer (prayers performed on the journey) are set, and the Hadlar prayers (prayers performed besides being on the journey) are perfected. The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim. Al-Bukhari has an additional riwayath of hadith, “Then he (Prophet Muhammad) migrated (to Medina). Then the prayer was obliged to four rak’ahs. Then the Safar prayer was set like the first obligation.” Ahmad added, “Except Maghrib prayer. Indeed, it is an odd prayer which is performed partially during the day, except for Subuh prayer because the prayer is actually long in the prayer.”
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
One: The hadith explains, that prayer is required twice; the first in Mecca before the Prophet Muhammad moved to Medina, and the second was in Medina.
Two: The hadith explains, that the number of rak’ahs of Maghrib prayer and Subuh prayer does not change, either when it is first required or when required for the second time.
Three: The hadith explains, that if someone is traveling, he may perform the Qasr prayer.
Four: There are differences among Islamic law experts about the Qasr prayer status; obligation or lightening? The Hanafiyah sect said that it was an obligation. But the majority of Islamic law experts say that it is lightening and perfecting the number of Islamic prayers is the most important.
Five: The above hadith explains the recommendation to extend the recitation in the Subuh prayer. Of course, it must also consider the conditions of the makmums behind the priest.
That is a brief explanation of Qasr Prayer. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!