Unclean (an-Najaasah) that is forgiven ~ Hi readers! Al-Hamdulillah we can meet again in this blog to know more about the view of Islamic law about everyday life. Previously I wanted to say an apology because in the last few days I can not write articles. There are several reasons why, especially since I am now in my home country, Indonesia. I have completed my studies at al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.
Straight to! In the previous article, I have already presented the exposure of the unclean (an-Najaasah) with various kinds. In this article, I will give you a little exposure to the odious sizes being forgiven. As Muslims we have to know about this because not all unclean can prevent us from worship; there is an unclean type (an-Najaasah) that is excused.
For example, the problems we can encounter in everyday life are rainwater. In general, the rainwater law is sacred because it is revealed by Allah directly from above. But the problem is if the water has reached the ground let alone rainwater puddle. Questions arise; how is the law in view of Islam?
After we urinate of course we will clean our vital organs. But sometimes the problem, after we wear clothes felt there was fluid coming out of vital organs. I am sure, there are some people who experience this including me personally. How is the Islamic law reacting to it?
When we walk on the road and we meet there are unclean that we are difficult to avoid so we have to pass through. If it is unclean about our shoes or pants, what is the view of Islamic law?
In this discussion I will convey the views of Islamic law which is owned by every stream; every Islamic law has its own view. But I do not submit in detail because it will take a lot of time. I will only convey it briefly and in certain cases.
The size of unclean (an-Najaasah) that is forgiven according to Hanafiyyah school
These Islamic scholars of al-Hanafiyyah sect gave an odious sanction that was forgiven by its kind; either unclean which is considered heavy (مغلظة mughalladhah) and some are considered mild (مخففة muhkaffafah). The size is a small amount. The little size meant here is a size that does not exceed 3.17 grams. The size is for the unclean in the form of solid. As for the unclean in the form of liquid is not beyond the curve of the palm of the hand.
While the small size of the unclean is considered to be lightened, the attached to the shirt is not more than ¼ (quarter) of the shirt. While the unclean kalua is attached to the body, its size is not more than ¼ a quarter of the affected limbs, such as the hands or feet; not exceeding ¼ (quarter) of the hand and not exceeding ¼ (quarter) of the foot.
I need to say here, that the unclean reason is forgiven is because of the emergency, the circumstances are general, and difficult to avoid the unclean.
The size of unclean (an-Najaasah) that is forgiven according to Malikiyyah school.
There are many discussions about the unclean that is excused according to Islamic law experts of this flow of al-Malikiyyah. Among them are unclean which is very difficult to avoid when we want to pray or enter the mosque. But such cases do not apply to food and drink. According to them, if any unclean falls on food or drink, then we should not eat food or drink it, although we are very difficult to prevent the impure its fall, because the food and drink has become into food and beverages are unclean.
The blood of bedbugs, according to them, can be excused if the blood does not exceed 3.17 grams. As for rain water, if we are sure if the water is not mixed unclean, then if the rain water is exposed to clothing, then the clothes are holy.
The size of unclean (an-Najaasah) that is forgiven according to Shafiiyah school.
Actually, there is no unclean that is forgiven according to Islamic law experts of Ash-Shafi’iyyah, except for only a few things, among them;
One; Unclean that can not be seen with normal eyes, such as little blood and urine that seeps.
Two; The size of the forgiveness of blood is, if the blood is not mixed with something else. If the blood has been mixed with something else, even if it is its own blood, then the blood is unclean.
Three; If someone sees dirt on the road, he is sure that the shit is unclean, and he is hard to avoid it. Cases like this apply only in winter, not summer. If a person walks his feet or his shoes are unclean, then the unclean is forgiven if the person does not see the unclean. And so forth.