Hi all readers! There are many types of marriages. Some are prohibited and some are not prohibited. As Muslims, we must know that. For this reason, in this article, I will explain the types of marriage that are prohibited.
There are two types of marriage that are prohibited in Islam; asy-Syighar marriage and Mut’ah marriage (contract marriage). There are a few basic things about all of this in this article.
2 Types of Marriage That Are Prohibited in Islam
What is meant by asy-Syighar marriage is, someone marries his daughter with someone else so that the person marries his daughter with him, and it is done without dowry.
So, the sentence uttered in asy-Syighar marriage is like this; I married my daughter to you without dowry, and you married your daughter to me without a dowry. This type of marriage is like exchanging goods. Islam strictly forbids that.
The important point about asy-Syighar marriage that I need to explain here is that women who are married are not only to daughters, but also mothers, aunts, sisters, and so on.
Some of the basic prohibitions in asy-Syighar marriage are as follows;
أَخْرَجَ الْإِمَامُ مُسْلِمٌ فِيْ صَحِيْحِهِ بِسَنَدِهِ إِلَى ابْنِ عُمَرٍ مَرْفُوَعًا أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : لَا شِغَارَ فِيْ الْإِسْلَامِ
Imam Muslim narrated in his book (ash-Shahih), with hadith that was connected to Ibn Umar, that Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Asy-Syighar marriage is not permitted in Islam.”
عَنْ نَافِعٍ عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : نَهَى رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنِ الشِّغَارِ
From Nafi’ from Ibn Umar radliyallahu ‘anhuma, he (Ibn Umar) said, “The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam has forbidden the marriage of ash-Shighar.”
There is a difference of opinion among experts in Islamic law about why asy-Syighar marriage is prohibited;
- Some legal experts say that asy-Syighar marriage is prohibited because it is like exchanging a vagina with another vagina. In asy-Syighar marriage, a woman’s vagina is used as a dowry to marry another woman.
- Ahmad said that the asy-Syighar marriage was forbidden because there was no dowry in the marriage.