Traveling in Ramadan; Criteria that Allow Muslim to not Fast

Shariah Center: Traveling in Ramadan ~ Hi All! In a number of previous articles, I have conveyed a little, that a Muslim who is traveling may not fast in the month of Ramadan. It’s real! I think the argument about that has also been explained before. Well, in this article I will present about traveling criteria that allow him not to fast.

I also want to explain firstly, that the words of the Prophet Muhammad related to this theme are as follows;

إِنَّ اللهَ وَضَعَ عَنِ الْمُسَافِرِ الصَّوْمَ

Indeed, Allah has revoked the obligation to fast from people who travel.


Force Ourselves to Fast in Ramadan; Are We Allowed to Do That if We Are Sick or Traveling?

Things that Requires Someone to Fast in Ramadan

But before I explain about it, first I want to know one important thing, that there are five types of travel in the Islamic view;

One; A traveling must be done. That is, this traveling law is mandatory. So, someone has to do it if he is truly capable. Examples are going to study, going to the first Hajj, going to work, etc.

Two; Recommended traveling. That is, this travel law is better done. So, if someone is able to do it, then he is better off doing it. An example is doing Umrah, the second Hajj and so on, and doing everything whose status is also recommended.

Three; Traveling whose status is allowed. That is, someone may do it and may not. There is no law that forbids someone to do it or prohibits someone from doing it. An example is traveling for holidays and anything whose status is permissible.

Four; Traveling with a better status is not done. The meaning is that this traveling law is to recommend that it not be done. For example, if at this time on the highway there is an anarchic demonstration, if we leave the house we will be exposed to danger, so we better not leave the house.

Five; Traveling whose status is not permissible. The meaning is that this traveling law requires us not to do that. An example is traveling to steal, kill, get drunk, do damage, and so on.

After we observe the explanation above, the question now is, what travel allows a Muslim not to fast in the month of Ramadan?

One important thing you need to know here, that in Islamic teachings, traveling that allows a Muslim not to fast in the month of Ramadan is to travel to allow him to summarize the number of rakaat sahalat. In addition, the travel in question is not a prohibited trip. (fifth point).

What I have said above is the general view of Islamic law experts on this issue. But, actually, there is a more detailed explanation of this issue. As a Muslim we really need to know it.

Pay attention! In general, there are three conditions that we will feel if traveling in a state of fasting;

One; We will feel very heavy if we keep fasting. The result is that we are not able to indulge, maybe even the fast we do will endanger us. If we experience such a situation, then we should not fast. We must eat and drink. Allah Taala said;

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَأۡكُلُوٓاْ أَمۡوَٰلَكُم بَيۡنَكُم بِٱلۡبَٰطِلِ إِلَّآ أَن تَكُونَ تِجَٰرَةً عَن تَرَاضٖ مِّنكُمۡۚ وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوٓاْ أَنفُسَكُمۡۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمۡ رَحِيمٗا ٢٩

O you who believe! do not devour your property among yourselves falsely, except that it be trading by your mutual consent; and do not kill your people; surely Allah is Merciful to you. (An-Nisaa’ [4]; 29).

Two; We will feel a little heavy, but we can still do our activities, but our activities are disturbed. If we take care of those who experience this condition, then we are encouraged to fast. This information can be found in the hadith below;

عَنْ جَابِرٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِيْ سَفَرٍ فَرَأَى رَجُلًا قَدْ اِجْتَمَعَ النَّاسُ عَلَيْهِ وَقَدْ ظُلِلَ عَلَيْهِ , فَقَالَ : مَا هَذَا ؟ فَقَالُوْا : صَائِمٌ . فَقَالَ : لَيْسَ مِنَ الْبِرِّ الصَّوْمُ فِيْ السَّفَرِ

From Jabir radliyallahu anhu, he said, “In a journey the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam had seen someone. People have gathered around the person. The person has been given shade. He then asked, “Who is this?” They replied, “The person who fasts?” He then said, “It is not including the goodness of fasting in traveling.”

Three; We do not feel any burden and our fasting does not have any influence on us and our activities. If we experience this condition, then we may continue to fast and may not fast. This information can be found in the hadith below;

عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ عَمْرُو الْأَسْلَمِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ . أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنِ الصِّيَامِ فِيْ السَّفَرِ , فَقَالَ لَهُ : إِنْ شِئْتَ فَصُمْ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَفْطِرْ

From Hamzah bin ‘Amru al-Aslami radliyallahu anhu. In fact, he had asked the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam about fasting in traveling. The Prophet Muhammad then said to him, “If you want (fasting) then fast, if you want to make peace then make it happy.”

That is a brief explanation of traveling in Ramadan! Do you understand? The problem is simple and the information that I have submitted is clear. So, I hope you understand. But, if you don’t understand, please ask!

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you again in the next article!


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