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Traveling for Women; A Best Explanation

Islamic Law: Traveling for Women; An Important Explanation ~ Hi all readers! In this article I will explain about one important thing that has become controversial for some Muslims. What I mean is whether a woman can travel alone without being with her husband or men who can maintain her safety. Maybe you have heard that there are groups of Muslims who allow women to travel alone and there are groups of Muslims that prohibit it. The question is how do we understand that. So, if you want to know the answer, then you should read this article to the end!

As usual, before I explain traveling for women further, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. The hadith I mean is as follows;

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَخْطُبُ يَقُوْلُ : لَا يَخْلُوَنَّ رَجُلٌ بِامْرَأَةٍ إِلَّا وَمَعَهَا ذُوْ مَحْرَمٍ , وَلَا تُسَافِرُ الْمَرْأَةُ إِلَّا مَعَ ذِيْ مَحْرَمٍ . فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ : يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ إِنَّ امْرَأَتِيْ خَرَجَتْ حَاجَةً , وَأَنِّيْ اُكْتُتِبْتُ فِيْ غَزْوَةِ كَذَا وَكَذَا . فَقَالَ : انْطَلِقْ فَحُجَّ مَعَ امْرَأَتِكَ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Ibn Abbas radliyallahu anhu, he said, “I have heard the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam preaching. He said, “Really, men shouldn’t be alone with women in a quiet place, unless the woman is with the man who becomes her mahram. Women cannot travel except with men who are mahram. ” There was a man standing up and then saying, “O Messenger of Allah, verily my wife went to perform the Hajj and really I was required to do this war and this war.” He said, “Go and make the pilgrimage with your wife.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

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All Readers! There are some important things about the above hadith that we need to know;

First; The hadith explains that men should not be alone with women who are not his mahram. Vice versa!

Second; the hadith explains that women should not travel except with men who become her mahram.

Third; Islamic jurists disagree on the second point. The Hanabilah and Ash-Shafi’iyah sect said that women should not travel even for Hajj except with their husbands or men who become her mahram. The Hanafiyah sect says that women cannot travel more than three days if they are not accompanied by their husbands or men who become her mahram. It is permissible if it is certain that the woman will be safe from any interference. The Malikiyah Sect said, women should not be restful for one day and one night except with their husbands, men who become her mahram, or trusted friends, whether the friends is male or female, whether the friends is an adult or child.

Fourth; The hadith explains that the pilgrimage performed by women without the accompaniment of a husband or man who becomes his mahram remains valid.

All Readers! If we understand the brief explanation above, then of course we understand that what is at the heart of the problem is whether a woman will be safe if she travels alone if not with people who guard her from any interference. For me personally, if it can be ascertained that there is no interference whatsoever, then women may travel alone even if not with other people who take care of her.

That is a brief explanation of the legality of traveling for women. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you in the next article!

Reference;

Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibanatu al-Ahkam Syarhu Bulughi al-Maram, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 363-365.

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