Understanding Terms of Prayer (Salat)

Islamic Law Online: Understanding Terms of Prayer (Salat) ~ Hi all readers! In this article I will explain about terms of prayer in Islam. You have to know, that what is meant by the conditions for prayer is some things that determine the validity of prayer or not, but that does not include the prayer section. Thus, a person must fulfill all these conditions before he prays.

You have to know, that there are five conditions that must be fulfilled by someone before he prays;

One; Covering genitals (aurat) with something holy.

Two; Facing the qiblah.


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Three; Enter prayer times.

Four; There are no hadas.

Five; Holyness of the body, clothes, and place.

Do you understand? Not yet? No problem! Do not worry! I will explain it all.

Okay! There is something you must know about the first condition; covering genitals (aurat) with something holy. I will divide the sentence into two parts; “covering genitals (aurat)” and “with something holy”.

In some of the previous articles I explained about genitals (aurat) that someone had to cover when he was going to pray. In some of the articles I have explained that there is a difference between male genitalia and female genitalia. Male aurat is a part of the body from the navel to two knees. That is the male body that must be closed when he is going to pray. Whereas the meaning of female genitalia is all her body except her face and palms. There are differences of opinion among experts on Islamic law about it all. I have explained it all in a number of previous articles. I will not explain it again here. If you want to know, please look for it!

As for what is meant by “something holy” are sacred objects that can be used to cover aurat. It can be clothes, cloth, leaves, sacks, and so on. That is what can be used to cover the genitals. The point is that the genitals must be covered with something holy.

There is one important thing that you must know about the first condition. People who have to close their genitals when they are going to pray are those who can do it. He can get something that can be used to cover the genitals. But the problem is, what does a person have to do if he is unable to get something that he can use to cover his genitals? Can he pray in naked condition?

Indeed, the question above looks strange, because at this time it is almost impossible for someone who does not have clothes. But in Islamic teachings there is a special discussion about the case.

In the discussion of Islamic law about prayer is a statement, that if there is someone who is unable to get something, he can use to cover the aurat, then he may pray in a naked condition! But what needs to be considered is that if someone is praying naked, then he must look for a special place that if no one saw him. That is, people like that cannot pray in mosques or other places that can be seen by others. The prayer is valid. He doesn’t need to repeat it.

The second condition is “facing the qiblah”. I have explained that in a number of previous articles. There are many important things that I have explained. I will not explain it again here. You can read it if you want it. What is clear is that someone must face the qiblah if he is going to pray.

The third condition is “entering prayer times”. This third condition is a condition that confirms the status of prayer being performed by someone. If the prayer is performed at the time of Shubuh, then the prayer is Fajr prayer, and so on. I also explained a lot about it in a number of previous articles.

The fourth condition is “there are no hadas”. Hadas are one of the things that can damage prayer. There are two kinds of traditions; big hadas and small hadas. How to get rid of large hadas is by bathing, while the way to eliminate small hadas is by ablution. I have explained that and many other things related to it in a number of previous articles.

The fifth condition is “holyness of the body, clothes, and place.” Before we pray, we must make sure that our bodies are free from great hadats and small traditions, that clothes and places we will use for prayer are free from unclean. I have also explained it all in a number of previous articles.

All readers! Those are the terms of prayer that we must know. We must fulfill all these conditions if we want to pray.

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you again in the next article!


Zakaria al-Ansari, Tuhfatul ath-Thullab bi Syarhi Tahriiri Tanqiihi al-Lubab, Publishing al-Haramain, Indonesia, p. 20-21, and a little addition from me.


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