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Tayamum for People Who Worries About Death

Islamic Shariah Today: Tayamum for People Who Worries About Death ~ Hi all readers! In this article I will explain a problem that might be experienced by someone, or maybe we ourselves will experience it. For example, “Now we are sick. Medical diagnosis decides that our bodies should not be exposed to water. If our body is exposed to water, our health will get worse or even we will die. As Muslims we have an obligation to pray. As we have seen, that before we pray, we must ablaze. When we perform ablution, of course our bodies will be exposed to water. The question is, how do we deal with that problem? Are we allowed to do Tayamum instead of ablution?”

As always, before I answer the two questions above, I will quote a hadith that is specifically related to our topic. Pay attention!

عَنْ اِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا — فِيْ قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ:…وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرۡضَىٰٓ أَوۡ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ … فَقَالَ ؛ إِذَا كَانَتْ بِالرَّجُلِ الْجِرَاحَةُ فِيْ سَبِيْلِ اللهِ وَالْقُرُوْحُ ، فَيَجْنُبُ ، فَيَخَافُ أَنْ يَمُوْتَ إِنِ اغْتَسَلَ ، تَيَمَّمَ . رَوَاهُ الدَّارُقُطْنِيُّ

From Ibni Abbas radliyallaahu anhumaa – about the word of God za Azza wa Jalla, “… and if you are sick, or on a journey … (An-Nisa’ [4]; 43) —he then said, “If there is a wound and ulcers in someone’s body because of fighting in the way of Allah then he is junub and he is worried that he will die if he bathes, then he can do Tayamum.” This hadith is narrated by ad-Daruquthni.

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Mechanism of Tayamum

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All readers! If we look at the hadith above, then of course we already know the answer to the two questions above. Yup! The answer is we have to do Tayamum instead of ablution. We can do that, even if the risk is most fatal if our body is exposed to water, then the law of doing Tayamum which originates “may” will change to “mandatory”. That is because maintaining life’s safety is one of the obligations in Islamic teachings — Islam forbids any action that has the potential to kill the human soul, except in forced circumstances.

Apart from that there are several things related to the hadith above, about differences of opinion among experts in Islamic law, which we need to know;

One; If someone who is worried about dying if he is exposed to water, he may do Tayamum. That was the opinion of Malik, Abu Hanifah, and Ash-Shafi’i.

Two; Ahmad and one of ash-Shafi’I’s opinions said that people who are junub cannot do Tayamum unless he is worried that he will die.

Thus, a brief explanation of Tayamum for people who worries about death. If you have questions, please ask!

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you again in the next article!

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