Takbir in Eid Prayer: Hi all readers! One of the important things in Eid prayer is Takbir. We all know what Takbir is. But maybe not all know how to do Takbir in Eid prayer. The reason is quite reasonable because Takbir in Eid prayer is different from Takbir in regular prayer. That’s why I will explain it in this article.
As usual, before I explain more about Takbir in Eid prayer, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Takbir in Eid Prayer (Salat)
عَنْ عَمْرُو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِيْهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمْ قَالَ : قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : التَّكْبِيْرُ فِيْ الْفِطْرِ سَبْعٌ فِيْ الْأُوْلَى وَخَمْسٌ فِيْ الْأُخْرَى , وَالْقِرَاءَةُ بَعْدَهُمَا كِلْتَيْهِمَا . أَخْرَجَهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ
From ‘Amru bin Shua’ib, from his father, from his grandfather, radliyallahu ‘anhum, he (his grandfather) said, “Takbir in Eid al-Fitr prayer on the first rak’ah is seven times and in the other (second) rak’ah is five times. After those two takbirs, one must read the reading in prayer.” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud.
There are some important things related to above hadith that we need to know;
One: The hadith explains the suggestion of performing takbir in Eid al-Fitr prayer and Eid al-Adhah prayer, that takbir in the first rakaat is seven times and in the second rakaat is five times.
Two: Malik and Ahmad said, in the first rak’ah one must take takbir up to seven times, including takbir ihram; one takbir for takbir ihram and six other takbir, so that the total is seven takbir. Whereas in the second rak’ah one must take takbir up to seven times.
Three: Ash-Shafi’I said, in the first rak’ah one must recite seven times. That does not include takbir ihram. So, one takbir ihram and seven takbir for Eid prayer. As for the second rak’ah he must be takbir up to five times and that does not include takbir to stand. So, one takbir to stand and five takbir to Eid prayer.
Four: Abu Hanifah said, in the first rak’ah one must take takbir up to four times including takbir ihram, and including takbir for bowing (rukuk) in the second rak’ah.
That is the difference of opinion of Islamic legal experts about the number of Takbir in Eid prayer. Now, another question is, do the takbir have to be done sequentially without any prayer between one takbir and the other takbir?
The answer to the question above is as follows;
One: Abu Hanifah and Malik said, that all takbir must be done in sequence and not separated by prayer or any dhikr. Imam must be silent for a while waiting then finished doing takbir.
Two: Ash-Shafi’I and Abu Hanifah said, that takbir one and other takbir are separated by reading verses that are neither long nor short.
But the followers of ash-Shafi’i differ on what should be said in time between one takbir and another takbir. The majority of them said that what was said was the following sentence;
سُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَالْحَمْد للهِ وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلّا اللهُ وَاللهُ أَكْبَرُ
Glory be to Allah, praise be to Allah, there is no god but Allah, Allah is great.
لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ , لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٍ
There is no god but Allah, the One, there is no partner with Him. All kingdoms are His and all praise belongs to Him. He is capable of everything.
That is a brief explanation of takbir in Eid prayer. If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful!
See you again in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 101-102.