by

Prayer After Takbir Ihram; Iftitah Prayer

Learning Shariah: Prayer After Takbir Ihram; Iftitah prayer ~ Hi all readers! In this article I will explain about the prayer after takbir ihram. Prayer read after takbir ihram and before reading surah al-Fatihah is called the iftitah prayer (opening prayer). Indeed, reading the prayer is not included in the obligation to pray. The status is only recommended. But as a Muslim it’s not wrong if we know it.

As always, before I explain the prayer, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. Pay attention!

عَنْ عَلِيٍّ بْنِ أَبِيْ طَالِبٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهُ كَانَ إِذَا قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ قَالَ ؛ وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ حَنِيْفاً وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِيْنَ إِنَّ صَلَاتِيْ وَنُسُكِيْ وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِيْ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَبِذَالِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ ، اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ الْمَلِكُ لَا إِلَهَ إلَّا أَنْتَ ، أَنْتَ رَبِّيْ وَ أَنَا عَبْدُكَ ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِيْ وَاعْتَرَفْتُ بِذَنْبِيْ فَاغْفِرْ لِيْ ذُنُوْبِيْ جَمِيْعاً إِنَّهُ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوْبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ وَاهْدِنِيْ لِأَحْسَنِ الْأَخْلَاقِ لَا يَهْدِي لِأَحْسَنِهَا إِلَّا أَنْتَ وَاصْرِفْ عَنِّيْ سَيِّئَهَا لَا يَصْرِفُ عَنِّيْ سَيِّئَهَا إِلَّا أَنْتَ ، لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ وَالْخَيْرَ كُلُّه فِيْ يَدَيْكَ وَالشَّرُ لَيْسَ إِلَيْكَ أَنَا بِكَ وَإِلَيْكَ تَبَارَكْتَ وَتَعَالَيْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوْبُ إِلَيْكَ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ . وَفِيْ رِوَايَةٍ لَهُ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ فِيْ صَلَاةِ اللَّيْلِ

From Ali ibn Abi Talib radliyallaahu anhu, from the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, that if he had stood prayers, he said, “I face my face to God who has created the heavens and the earth, in conditions of accepting Islam. I am not a polytheist. Indeed, my prayer, my worship, my life, and my death are due to God, the Lord who controls the universe. There isn’t anything for him. That’s why I was ordered and I included people who surrendered. O Allah, You are the Ruler. There is no god but You. You are my Lord and I am Your servant. I have judged myself and I confess my sin, then forgive all my sins, actually no one forgives all sins except only You. Show the best ethical pocket. No one can show that other than You. Avoid me from the worst ethics, no one can avoid me from that except for You. I answer your call and I like to obey you. All good is in your power. Evil does not draw near to you. Your goodness is always multiplying and you are holy of all shortcomings. I ask forgiveness of you and change to you.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim. He (Muslim) has another history that explains, that prayer is read at night prayer times.

Read;

Takbir in Eid Prayer

Dhuha Prayer and the Virtues

There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;

One; The hadith explains the prayer that the Prophet Muhammad read after takbir ihram and before reciting the surah al-Fatihah. The prayer is called the iftitah prayer (opening prayer).

Two; The hadith explains, that when we are praying, we may read prayers that do not originate from Qur’an.

Three; The hadith explains the ethics of getting closer to Allah.

That is a brief explanation of prayer after Takbir Ihram; Iftitah prayer. If you have questions, please ask!

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you again in the next article!

Reference;

Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. I, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 288-290.

Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *