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Legality of Suicide in Islam

Learning Islamic Shariah: Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain the legality of suicide in Islam. I guess we all know what suicide is. That is one way to end life in the world. Some people who are desperate to do it in various ways, such as stabbing yourself by using sharp objects, dropping yourself from a high place, drinking poisoned noodles, and so forth. The question is, is that permissible in Islam? What are the consequences?

There are some important things about that we should know as Muslims, including whether we can pray for people who die from suicide. Therefore, you must read this article to the end.

As usual, before I further explain the legality of suicide in Islam, I will first quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. The hadith I mean is as follows;

عَنْ جَابِرٍ بْنِ سَمْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ أُوْتَي النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِرَجُلٍ قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ بِمَشَاقِصَ فَلَمْ يُصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ

From Jabir bin Samrah radliyallahu ‘anhu, he said,” The body of the person who committed suicide has been brought to the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam arrows. He does not pray to those bodies.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim.

Read;

The Position of Imam in Janazah Prayer

Reward for People Who Care for Janazah (Funeral)

There are some important things about the above hadith that we need to know;

  1. The hadith explains that suicide is strictly prohibited in Islam.
  2. The hadith explains that an Islamic leader may not pray for people who die from suicide.
  3. Although in the hadith it is explained, that the Prophet Muhammad did not pray for people who have died due to suicide, but his friends prayed for that person.
  4. As for the Muslims who are still alive, they are required to pray for Muslims who die because suicide.
  5. There are two possible consequences if a Muslim doing suicide. The first possibility is, he will become an infidel. The second possibility is that he will become a wicked person.

All Readers! That is a brief explanation of the legality of suicide in Islam. The problem is simple. The explanation I have said is very clear. So, I hope you all understand. But if you want to ask, please ask!

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful!

See you again in the next article!

Reference;

Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 170.

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