Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain the legality of suicide in Islam. I guess we all know what suicide is. That is one way to end life in the world. Some people are desperate to do it in various ways, such as stabbing themselves by using sharp objects, dropping themselves from a high place, drinking poisoned noodles, and so forth. The question is, is that permissible in Islam? What are the consequences?
There are some important things about that we should know as Muslims, including whether we can pray for people who die from suicide. Therefore, you must read this article to the end.
As usual, before I further explain the legality of suicide in Islam, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Suicide
The hadith about suicide that I mean is as follows;
عَنْ جَابِرٍ بْنِ سَمْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ أُوْتَي النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِرَجُلٍ قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ بِمَشَاقِصَ فَلَمْ يُصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ
From Jabir bin Samrah radliyallahu ‘anhu, he said,” The body of the person who committed suicide with arrows has been brought to the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He does not pray to those bodies.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim.
There are some important things about the above hadith that we need to know;
One: The hadith explains that suicide is strictly prohibited in Islam.
Two: The hadith explains that an Islamic leader may not pray for people who die from suicide.
Three: Although in the hadith it is explained, that the Prophet Muhammad did not pray for people who have died due to suicide, but his friends prayed for that person.