Legal Status of Speaking in Friday Prayer Sermon

Islamic Law Today: Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain the legal status of speaking in Friday prayer sermon. In some areas I have seen, there are some people who are silent and some are speaking when the imam is sermon in Friday prayer. The question is, can someone do that?

As usual, before I answer the question above, I will quote a hadith related to this theme. The hadith I mean is as follows;

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : مَنْ تَكَلَّمَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالْإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ فَهُوَ كَمَثَلِ الْخِمَارِ يَحْمِلُ أَسْفَارًا , وَالَّذِيْ يَقُوْلُ لَهُ أَنْصِتْ لَيْسَتْ لَهُ جُمُعَةٌ . رَوَاهُ أَحْمَدُ

From Ibn ‘Abbas radliyallahu ‘anhuma, he said, “Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Whoever speaks on Friday when the Imam is sermoning, then he is like a donkey carrying big books. Whoever says to him, “Shut up!”, Then his Friday prayers are not perfect.” The hadith is narrated by Ahmad.


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There are some important things about the above hadith that we need to know;

  1. The hadith explains that a person is prohibited from speaking when Imam is sermoning.
  2. There is a difference of opinion among Islamic legal experts about it. Malik said that it was strictly forbidden. The Hanafiyah sect says that it is very better not to do it (makruh tahrim) even though the person who is speaking doesn’t hear the sermon. Ahmad said that it should not be done by people close to Imam, not people far from him. The Shafi’iyah sect says that it is better not to do it (makruh tanzih) by those who hear the sermon. For people who don’t hear that, it’s no problem.
  3. As for speaking when Imam is sitting between two sermons or after the last sermon, then that doesn’t matter.
  4. As for sermon other than Friday prayer sermon, silence is something that is recommended.

All Readers! That is a brief explanation of the legal status of speaking in Friday prayer sermon. Islamic legal experts disagree about that. So, there are many answers.

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful!

See you again in the next article!


Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 62-63.


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