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Sick in Ramadan; Types that Allow Us to not Fast

Islamic Law Online: Sick in Ramadan ~ Hi all readers! In the previous article I asked for a little, the sick person could force himself to fast in the month of Ramadan. In this article, I will explain the types of illness that allow a Muslim not to fast. There are several sicknesses that allow one to not do this one. And, we should know about this.

As always, before I speak further about sick in Ramadan, I would like to say that the argument that allows sick people not to fast is in the words of Allah Taala as follows;

أَيَّامٗا مَّعۡدُودَٰتٖۚ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوۡ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٖ فَعِدَّةٞ مِّنۡ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَۚ وَعَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُۥ فِدۡيَةٞ طَعَامُ مِسۡكِينٖۖ فَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيۡرٗا فَهُوَ خَيۡرٞ لَّهُۥۚ وَأَن تَصُومُواْ خَيۡرٞ لَّكُمۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ ١٨٤ شَهۡرُ رَمَضَانَ ٱلَّذِيٓ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانُ هُدٗى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَٰتٖ مِّنَ ٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَٱلۡفُرۡقَانِۚ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ ٱلشَّهۡرَ فَلۡيَصُمۡهُۖ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوۡ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٖ فَعِدَّةٞ مِّنۡ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَۗ يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ بِكُمُ ٱلۡيُسۡرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ ٱلۡعُسۡرَ وَلِتُكۡمِلُواْ ٱلۡعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُواْ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَىٰكُمۡ وَلَعَلَّكُمۡ تَشۡكُرُونَ ١٨٥

For a certain number of days; but whoever among you is sick or on a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; and those who are not able to do it may effect a redemption by feeding a poor man; so whoever does good spontaneously it is better for him; and that you fast is better for you if you know [184] The month of Ramadan is that in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction; therefore whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for His having guided you and that you may give thanks [185]. (Al-Baqarah [2]; 184-185).

Read;

What Should People Who Fast in Ramadan Do? Read This!

How to Find Out the Coming of Ramadan? Read This!

Previously I wanted to say, in general, there are two types of sick people;

First; sick people who can still be expected to recover.

For example, now we are sick. If we can still recover medically, then, if we have recovered, we must replace the fast we have left while we are sick. If if we are sick, we do not fast for 5 days, then after we recover, we must fast for 5 days.

There are three conditions for sick people who can still be expected to recover;

One; A sick person who is still able to fast.

For example, now we are sick. Medical diagnosis decides that even though we are sick, we can still fast. That is, the fasting we do does not endanger our health. Thus, we must fast because fasting is not a barrier for us.

Two; A sick person who is unable to fast and if he continues to fast, then it does not endanger him.

For example, now we are sick. Medical diagnosis decided that even though we were sick, we could still fast. That is, fasting that we do does not endanger us. Thus, not fasting is better for us

Three; A sick person who is unable to fast and if he remains fasting, then it is dangerous for him.

For example, now we are sick. Medical diagnosis says that if we fast, our fast will endanger us. Thus, we must not fast. Allah Taala said;

وَأَنفِقُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَا تُلۡقُواْ بِأَيۡدِيكُمۡ إِلَى ٱلتَّهۡلُكَةِ وَأَحۡسِنُوٓاْۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ ١٩٥

And spend in the way of Allah and cast not yourselves to perdition with your own hands, and do good (to others); surely Allah loves the doers of good. (Al-Baqarah [2]; 195).

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَأۡكُلُوٓاْ أَمۡوَٰلَكُم بَيۡنَكُم بِٱلۡبَٰطِلِ إِلَّآ أَن تَكُونَ تِجَٰرَةً عَن تَرَاضٖ مِّنكُمۡۚ وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوٓاْ أَنفُسَكُمۡۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمۡ رَحِيمٗا ٢٩

O you who believe! do not devour your property among yourselves falsely, except that it be trading by your mutual consent; and do not kill your people; surely Allah is Merciful to you. (An-Nisaa’ [4]; 29).

Second; sick people who cannot be expected to recover.

For example, now we are sick. Medical diagnosis decided that we could not recover. Thus, we are not obliged to fast. Allah Taala said;

لَا يُكَلِّفُ ٱللَّهُ نَفۡسًا إِلَّا وُسۡعَهَاۚ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتۡ وَعَلَيۡهَا مَا ٱكۡتَسَبَتۡۗ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذۡنَآ إِن نَّسِينَآ أَوۡ أَخۡطَأۡنَاۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحۡمِلۡ عَلَيۡنَآ إِصۡرٗا كَمَا حَمَلۡتَهُۥ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِنَاۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلۡنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِۦۖ وَٱعۡفُ عَنَّا وَٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا وَٱرۡحَمۡنَآۚ أَنتَ مَوۡلَىٰنَا فَٱنصُرۡنَا عَلَى ٱلۡقَوۡمِ ٱلۡكَٰفِرِينَ ٢٨٦

Allah does not impose upon any soul a duty but to the extent of its ability; for it is (the benefit of) what it has earned and upon it (the evil of) what it has wrought: Our Lord! do not punish us if we forget or make a mistake; Our Lord! do not lay on us a burden as Thou didst lay on those before us, Our Lord do not impose upon us that which we have not the strength to bear; and pardon us and grant us protection and have mercy on us, Thou art our Patron, so help us against the unbelieving people. (Al-Baqarah [2]; 286).

فَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ مَا ٱسۡتَطَعۡتُمۡ وَٱسۡمَعُواْ وَأَطِيعُواْ وَأَنفِقُواْ خَيۡرٗا لِّأَنفُسِكُمۡۗ وَمَن يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفۡسِهِۦ فَأُوْلَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ ١٦

Therefore, be careful of (your duty to) Allah as much as you can, and hear and obey and spend, it is better for your souls; and whoever is saved from the greediness of his soul, these it is that are the successful. (At-Taghaabun [64]; 16).

If we experience this condition, we must feed the poor instead in exchange for the fast he left behind. We are given the choice to do one of the two things below;

One; We have to give the poor food ½ sha’ or about 1½ Kg. The food we give must be suitable for consumption, at least like the food we eat when we are healthy. The number of poor people who are given food is as much as the amount of fasting that we leave behind.

Two; We may feed poor people with foods that are more delicious than what we eat. The point of this problem is that we must provide food that is suitable for consumption. The number of poor people given food is as much as the amount of fasting that we leave behind.

Now, do you understand? The problem is simple and the information that I have explain about sick in Ramadan is also clear. So, I hope you understand. But if you don’t understand, please ask!

That’s a brief explanation about sick in Ramadan. See you again in the next article!

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