Same Things and Different Things between Imam and Makmum ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain the things a priest does and must be imitated by a makmum in prayer. There are several things that must be the same and there are some things that cannot be the same.
As always, before I explain this theme further, I will quote a hadith that is specifically related to this discussion. Pay attention!
Hadith About Imam and Makmum in Prayer (Salat)
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ ؛ إِنَّمَا جَعَلَ الْإِمَامُ لِيُؤَتِمَّ بِهِ . فَإِذَا كَبَّرَ فَكَبِّرُوْا وَلَا تُكَبِّرُوْا حَتَّى يُكَبِّرَ . وَإِذَا رَكَعَ فَارْكَعُوْا وَلَا تَرْكَعُوْا حَتَّى يَرْكَعَ . وَإِذَا قَالَ سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ ، فَقُوْلُوْا ؛ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ . وِإِذَا سَجَدَ فَاسْجُدُوْا وَلَا تَسْجُدُوْا حَتَّى يَسْجُدَ . وَإِذَا صَلَّى قَائِمًا فَصَلُّوْا قِيَامًا ، وَإِذَا صَلَّى قَاعِدًا فَصَلُّوْا قُعُوْدًا أَجْمَعِيْنَ . رَوَاهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ
From Abu Hurairah radliyallaahu anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Surely someone is made a priest so that he is followed. If he does takbir, then do takbir. Don’t you do takbir before he does takbir. If he does bow, then bow. Do not bow before you bow. If he says, “Sami’allaahu liman hamidah (Allah hears the person who praises him,” then say “Allaahumma Rabbanaa wa laka al-Hamdu (O Allah, our Lord, only You praise all things.” If he prostrates, then bow down “Do not make your prostration before you do prostration.” If he prays by standing, then pray by standing up. If he prays by sitting, then pray by sitting all. “The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud.
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
One; The hadith explains, that a makmum must follow the imam.
Two; The saying, سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ, is reserved for imam to say it. Whereas the saying, اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْد , is reserved for makmum to say it.
Three; There are differences of opinion among Islamic law experts about the second point. The majority of Islamic law experts say that only imam and a person who prays alone only say سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ, while a makmum recites اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ. Ash-Shafi’i and the second opinion Malik said, that people who pray must say the tasbih and tahmid. There is no difference between imam, makmum, and people who pray alone. If he has raised his head after bowing (rukuk), he must say سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ. If he has stood upright, he must say اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ. Malik’s third opinion said, that imam must recite tasbih and tahmid, while makmum only pronounces my tahmid (اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ).
Four; The hadith explains, that makmum must follow the imam in all his movements, even if the imam prays by sitting. But the Hanabilah sect said, that if a makmum is able to stand when the imam sits, then it doesn’t matter.
That is a brief explanation of the same things and different things between Imam and Makmum. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 10-12.