Recommended Things in Prayer (Salat)

Islamic Shariah Center: Recommended Things in Prayer (Salat) ~ Hi all readers! In the previous article I explained the obligations in prayer. In this article I will explain about the recommendations in prayer. What is meant by recommendations in prayer is that some things that may be done may not be done. If we don’t do that, our prayers are still valid, but it’s better to do it.

Basically, there are two kinds of recommended things in prayer (salat);

One; Recommendations that if we do not do it, we are encouraged to prostrate.

Two; Recommendations that if we do not do it, then we are not recommended to prostrate.


Understanding Terms of Prayer (Salat)

Understanding Prayer (Salat) in Islam

I understand? Not yet? Note the information below!

What is meant by recommendations is that if we do not do it, then we are encouraged to do prostration. The prostration is called sujud sahwi, prostration for forgetting. The sentences that must be read in prostration are:

سُبْحَانَ مَنْ لَا يَنَامُ وَلَا يَسْهُوْ

Holy Allah Who does not sleep and does not forget.

The prostration (sujud) is highly recommended because the status of things not done in prayer is highly recommended. There are five types of recommendations;

One; First Tasyahud. This is usually done in prayer which has three and four rak’ahs.

Two; Sit at the first tasyahud. This recommendation follows the first recomendation.

Three; Read prayer to the Prophet Muhammad at the time of the first tasyahud.

Four; Read the qunut prayer at the time of Shubuh prayer.

Five; Stand at the time of reading qunut. This suggestion follows the recommendations for reading qunut.

As for the second type of recommendation, the recommendation is that if we don’t do it, then we are not recommended to prostrate, it has many kinds, including the following;

One; Lift both hands (both palms) in front of both shoulders when someone does takbir ihram.

Two; Bowing (rukuk) and stand up after bowing.

Three; Tilt the fingers of the two hands towards the qiblah and give a little distance between one finger and the other fingers.

Four; Place right hand on the left hand under the chest.

Five; Reading the iftitah prayer. This prayer is read after takbir ihram before reciting the surah al-Fatihah.

Six; Reading ta’awudz before reading the verse of the Qur’an. The sentence ta’awudz is (أَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْمِ) The meaning is, “I take refuge in Allah from the accursation of the accursed devil.”

Seven; Reading al-Fatihah and surah aloud and the surah softly in each place.

Eight; Doing takbir each will make a movement (standing, bowing, prostration, and sitting).

Nine; Put both hands on your knees in bowing (rukuk).

Ten; Reading tasbih in bowing.

Eleven; Reading tasbih in I’tidal, stands after bowing.

Twelve; Place both knees, then both hands, then forehead and nose in prostration.

Thirteen; Reading tasbih in prostration.

Fourteen; Put both hands in front of the shoulders in prostration.

Fiveteen; Close the fingers in prostration and direct them all towards the qiblah.

Sixteen; For men, he is advised to keep his stomach slightly away from his hands.

Seventeen; Exposing toes in the direction of qiblah.

Eighteen; Reading prayer in sitting between two prostrations.

Nineteen; Iftirasy sat when sitting between two prostrations. The point is, sitting is done by placing the buttocks on top of the left foot while the right foot is bent and the fingers are held up.

Twenty; Grasping all the fingers of the right hand at the tasyahud time except at the time of reciting (إِلإِا اللهُ) in the sentence (أ شْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ).

Twenty-One; Second greeting.

All readers! That is a brief explanation of recommended things in prayer (Salat). Now we have been able to distinguish the recommendations in prayer that if someone does not do it, then he is encouraged to do prostration, and recommendations that if someone does not do so he is not recommended to do prostration. If you have questions, please ask!

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you again in the next article!


Zakaria al-Ansari, Tuhfatul ath-Thullab bi Syarhi Tahriiri Tanqiihi al-Lubab, al-Haramain Publishing, Indonesia, p. 22-24.


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