Understanding Qunut Prayer

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Understanding Qunut Prayer ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain the Qunut prayer. Maybe we all already know what Qunut prayer is. For those who don’t know about it, the prayer is one of the prayers that is read in the prayer by standing up and raising both hands. So, this prayer is different from other prayers that we usually read in prayer. There are many things we need to know about that.

As always, before I explain Qunur prayer further, I will quote some of the hadith that are specifically related to our discussion. Pay attention!

Hadith About Qunut Prayer

The hadith about Qunut prayer that I mean is as follows:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ قَنِتَ شَهْرًا , بَعْدَ رُكُوْعٍ , يَدَعْوُا عَلَى أَحْيَاءٍ مِنَ الْعَرَبِ ثُمَّ تَرَكَهُ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Anas radliyallaahu anhu, “That the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam did qunut for one month, after bowing. He prayed to defeat a group of Arabs, then he left (did not do qunut).” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

وَلِأَحْمَدَ وَالدَّارُقُطْنِيِّ وَنَحْوِهِ مِنْ وَجْهٍ آخَرٍ , وَزَادَ : وَأَمَّا فِيْ الصُّبْحِ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يَقْنَتُ حَتَّى فَارَقَ الدُّنْيَا

Ahmad and ad-Darquthni have a history of the same hadith but from other transmission lines. There is an additional editorial hadith, “As for Shubuh prayer, he always performs qunut until he dies.”

عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ لَا يَقْنَتُ إِلَّا إِذَا دَعَا لِقَوْمٍ , أَوْ دَعَا عَلَى قَوْمٍ . صَحَّحَهُ ابْنُ خُزَيْمَةَ

From Anas radliyallaahu ‘anhu,” That the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam did not do qunut unless he prayed to help a people or he prayed to defeat a people.” Ibn Khuzaimah considered the hadith valid.

عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا أَنَّهُ قَالَ ؛ عَلَّمَنِيْ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَلِمَاتٍ أَقُوْلُهُنَّ فِيْ قُنُوْتِ الْوِتْرِ ؛ اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِيْ فِيْمَنْ هَدَيْتَ ، وَعَافِنِيْ فِيْمَنْ عَافَيْتَ ، وَتَوَلَّنِيْ فِيْمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ ، وَبَارِكْ لِيْ فِيْمَا أَعْطَيْتَ ، وَقِنِيْ شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ ، فَإِنَّكَ تَقْضِيْ وَلَا يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ ، وَإِنَّهُ لَا يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ ، تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ . رَوَاهُ الْخَمْسَةُ

From Hasan bin Ali radliyallaahu anhumaa, in fact he said, “The Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam has taught me a number of sentences that I said when I read the qunut prayer in witir prayer, “O Allah, give me instructions as you have given instructions. Give me health like the person you have given health. Take care of me like the person you have guarded. Give blessings to me in everything you have given. Take care of me from the ugliness of things that You have set. Surely you make decisions and not make decisions. Surely no one will be despised by someone whom you have led. Your goodness continues to grow and you are holy from everything that is not right for you.” The hadith is narrated by five people (Ahmad, Abu Daud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa’I, Ibn Majah).

There are several important things related to some of the hadith above that we need to know;

One; The first, second, and third hadiths explain that we are encouraged to recite the qunut prayer in the obligatory prayers if there are Muslims affected. The prayer must be adapted to the conditions that occur.

Two; The hadith narrated by Ahmad and ad-Daruquthni explains that we are encouraged to read the qunut prayer in the Shubuh prayer. There are differences of opinion among Islamic law experts about that. ash-Shafi’i said, that qunut was read after the second bow. Malik said, that qunut is read before the second bowing (rukuk). Ahmad said, that qunut is read in the odd rakaat of Isha prayer after bowing (rukuk). Abu Hanifah said, that qunut is read in the odd rak’ah of the Isya prayer before bowing (ruku).

Three; The fourth hadith narrated by Hasan bin Ali explains the qunut prayer according to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad to him.

Read Also:

Prayer in Islam: Salat: Daily Prayers

The qunut prayer taught by the Prophet Muhammad to Hasan bin Ali is as follows;

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِيْ فِيْمَنْ هَدَيْتَ ، وَعَافِنِيْ فِيْمَنْ عَافَيْتَ ، وَتَوَلَّنِيْ فِيْمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ ، وَبَارِكْ لِيْ فِيْمَا أَعْطَيْتَ ، وَقِنِيْ شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ ، فَإِنَّكَ تَقْضِيْ وَلَا يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ ، وَإِنَّهُ لَا يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ ، تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ

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Founder, Author, Indonesian Blogger, Muslim, Graduate of Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

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