Guide to Prostration (Sujud) in Prayer (Salat) ~ Hi all readers! In some of the previous articles, I explained the sentences that were read in prostration. In this article, I will explain how to prostrate. I am sure we have already made prostrations. But is our method of prostration correct?
As always, before I explain the guide to prostration (Sujud) in prayer (Salat), I will quote some of the hadith that are specifically related to our discussion. Pay attention!
Hadith About Guide to Prostration (Sujud) in Prayer (Salat)
The hadith about guide to prostration (Sujud) in prayer (Salat) that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ اِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَسْجُدَ عَلَى سَبْعَةِ أَعْظُمٍ : عَلَى الْجَبْهَةِ – وَأَشَارَ بِيَدِهِ إِلَى أَنْفِهِ – وَالْيَدَيْنِ وَالرَّكْبَتَيْنِ وَأَطْرَافِ الْقَدَمَيْنِ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Ibn Abbas radliyallaahu anhumaa, he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “I have been ordered to prostrating on seven bones; on his forehead — he gave a gesture with his hand until his nose — both hands, knees and fingers of both feet.” The hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
عَنْ ابْنِ بُحَيْنَةَ أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : كَانَ إِذَا سَجَدَ فَرَّجَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى يَبْدُوَ بَيَاضُ إِبْطَيْهِ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Ibn Buhainah, that if the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam prostrated, then he stretched his hands until they looked white both of his armpits.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
عَنِ الْبَرَّاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : إِذَا سَجَدْتَ فَضَعْ كَفَّيْكَ وَارْفَعْ مِرْفَقَيْكَ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ
From al-Barra’ bin ib Azib radliyallaahu anhumaa, he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “If you prostrate, then put your palms together and raise your elbows.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim.
عَنْ وَائِلٍ بْنِ حُجْرٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ : أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ إِذَا رَكَعَ فَرَّجَ بَيْنَ أَصَابِعِهِ , وَإِذَا سَجَدَ ضَمَّ أَصَابِعَهُ . رَوَاهُ الْحَاكِمُ
From Wail bin Hujr radliyallaahu anhu, “That if the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam nodded, then he stretched his fingers, and if he prostrated, then he pressed his fingers together.” The hadith is narrated by al-Hakim.
All readers! There are several important things related to the four hadith above that you need to know;
One; The first hadith explains about some of the bones of the body that must be our backbone when we are prostrating. But there are differences of opinion about that. Ash-Shafi’i and Ahmad said, that prostration must be done by resting on one of these bones. The Malikiyyah and Hanafiyyah Sects say that prostration must rest on the forehead, while resting on the other bones is a suggestion.
Two; Ahmad said, that resting on the forehead and nasal bones is mandatory. Prayer will be damaged if it rests on one of them. Abu Hanifah said that prostration can be done by resting on one of the two bones, but it is better to rest on both. Malik and ash-Shafi’I say that prostration must rest on the forehead, while resting on the nasal bones is a suggestion.
Three; The second and third hadiths explain the obligation to stretch the same body part I needed in prostration.
Four; We must not overdo it when we stretch our arms in prostration, because it resembles wild animals when stretching their wings.
Five; For women, she must attach both her elbows to her breasts when she prostrates.
Six; The fourth hadith explains, that when the Prophet Muhammad nodded, he stretched his fingers, and if he prostrated, then he pressed his fingers together.
That is a brief explanation of guide to prostration (Sujud) in prayer (Salat). Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. I, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 318-321.