How Does Prophet Muhammad Perform Ablution (Wudu)? ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain how the Prophet Muhammad performed ablution (wudu). In the previous article, I explained a little about ablution. One of its functions is to cleanse some members of the body as one of the conditions for performing several rituals in Islam, such as prayer and reading the Qur’an. In addition, actually, the ablution (wudu) is also intended to cleanse the liver.
As always, before I explain how does Prophet Muhammad perform ablution (wudu), I will quote some hadiths to explain this topic.
Hadith About How Does Prophet Muhammad Perform Ablution (Wudu)
The hadith about how does Prophet Muhammad perform ablution (wudu) that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ حَمْرَانَ : أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ دَعَا بِوُضُوْءٍ فَغَسَلَ كَفَّيْهِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ تَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْشَقَ وَاسْتَنْثَرَ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ يَدَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلَى الْمِرْفَقِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ، ثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ ، ثُمَّ غَسَلَ رِجْلَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ، ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ، ثُمَّ قَالَ : رَأَيْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ تَوَضَّأَ نَحْوَ وُضُوْئِيْ هَذَا . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Hamran, Uthman did ablution. He washed his palms three times. Then he rinsed, put a little water into his nose, and removed the water from his nose. Then he washed his face three times. Then he washed his right hand to the elbow three times. Then his left hand is like that (like his right hand). Then he rubbed his head. Then he washed his right foot until his ankles three times. Then his left leg like that. then he said, “I have seen the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam do ablution (wudu) like my ablution (wudu) this.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
عَنْ عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ فِيْ صِفَةِ وُضُوْءِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَاحِدَةً . أَخْرَجَهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ
From Ali radliyallahu anhu about the nature of ablution (wudu) of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. He said, “He (Prophet Muhammad) wiped his head once.” The hadith was narrated by Abu Daud.
عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَمْرُو رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا فِيْ صِفَةِ الْوُضُوْءِ قَالَ : ثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَأَدْخَلَ إِصْبِعَيْهِ السَّبَاحَتَيْنِ فِيْ أُذُنَيْهِ ، وَمَسَحَ بِأَبْهَامِهِ ظَاهِرَ أُذُنَيْهِ . أَخْرَجَهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ
From Abdullah bin Amru radliyallahu ahuma about the nature of ablution (wudu). He said, “Then he (the Prophet Muhammad) rubbed his head and put two index fingers into two ears and he rubbed the outside of his ears with two thumbs up.” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud and an-Nasa’i.
There is one important thing that I want to say before I give you further explanation, that in fact the description of the way the Prophet Muhammad performed ablution does not only exist in the two hadiths above. Information about the methods he uses is in many hadiths. I convey the two hadiths above because I see these two hadiths explain the majority of the ways of his ablution. As for the other ways I will say in the next few articles, Allah willing.
If we observe the two hadiths above, then at least we can conclude a number of things as follows;
One; Washing two palms three times. The Prophet Muhammad did that before he gargled.
Two; Gargling, breathing a little water then removing it. This aims to clean the dirt in the two nostrils. I have read medical information that the conclusion is that this is also very useful for head health, especially for treating cold and headaches.
Three; Washing face three times.
Four; Washing right hand and left hand three times.
Five; Wiping head three times. Actually, the information in the hadith above explains that the number of swabs is only once. But if we examine the various hadiths that explain it, then we know that the ideal number is three times.
Six; Wiping two ears, both inside and outside.
Seven; Washing two feet to ankles.
All readers! You need to know that the methods above are mandatory and some are recommended. The obligatory methods are;
One; Washing face
Two; Washing two hand
Three; Wiping head
Four; Washing two feet to ankles.
While the recommended ways are;
One; Washing two palms
Two; Gargling, breathing a little water then removing it.
Three; Wiping two ears,
That is, methods that are compulsory are ways that must be done. Without it, the ablution is not valid. Whereas what is meant by obligatory means is better to do it. If it’s not done then it doesn’t matter.
There are actually the first hadith pieces that I explain. The full editor is as follows;
فَقَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ نَحْوَ وُضُوْئِيْ هَذَا ثُمَّ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ لَا يُحْدِثُ فِيْهِمَا نَفْسَهُ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ
The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam then said, “Whoever has an ablution like this ablution, then he prays the two rak’ah sunnah, he does not speak to himself in the two rak’ah prayers, then his past and future sins are forgiven.”
That is a brief description of how does Prophet Muhammad perform ablution (wudu). May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!