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Promises and the Consequences in Islam

Learning Sharia: Promises and the consequences in Islam ~ Hi all readers! I guess we all know what a promise is. Maybe we’ve all promised someone to do something. We all know that there are good promises and bad promises. But do you know that according to Islam, not all promises must be made. As Muslims we must know that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you have to read this article to the end!

Before I continue to explain promises and the consequences in Islam, I will classify them in two. The aim is to make it easier to understand the purpose of the theme of this article. First; good promises, such as promising to pray, give alms, fast, help others, and so on. Second; bad promises, such as promises to steal, lie, do not pray, and so forth.

All Readers! if you promise to do good things, then you have to do it all. Why? Because when you promise, you feel like you owe God. Debt must be paid. Likewise promise. We can find the obligation to keep the promise in the verses of the Quran below;

ثُمَّ لۡيَقۡضُواْ تَفَثَهُمۡ وَلۡيُوفُواْ نُذُورَهُمۡ وَلۡيَطَّوَّفُواْ بِٱلۡبَيۡتِ ٱلۡعَتِيقِ ٢٩

Then let them end their untidiness and fulfill their vows and perform Tawaf around the ancient House. (Al-Hajj [22]; 29).

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Maybe you ask, what if we forget to keep our promises, or we get sick or even die before we keep those promises? Do we still have the obligation to keep the promise or the obligation is canceled?

All Readers! If you forget to keep your promise, then if you remember it, then you must keep your promise. If you are sick or die so you cannot keep your promise, then your surviving family must keep your promise! If you promise to fast for one year, then you must fast for one year except on days that are prohibited from fasting!

But if you promise to do bad things, like stealing, not praying, lying, etc., then you can’t do it all! Why? Because promises are sacred things, whereas they are bad things. Sacred things should not be mixed with bad things. We can find a ban on keeping promises for bad things in the hadith below;

مَنْ نَذَرَ أَنْ يُطِيْعَ اللهَ فَلْيُطِعْهُ وَمَنْ نَذَرَ أَنْ يُعْصِيَ اللهَ فَلَا يُعْصِهِ

Whoever has promised to obey Allah, then he must obey Him. Whoever promises to worship Allah, he must not worship Him.

All Readers! That is a brief explanation of promises and the consequences in Islam. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen See you in the next article!

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