Prayer (Salat) in Vehicle ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain prayer (salat) in vehicle. As ordinary human beings, of course, we cannot escape from activities, whether for work, traveling, or something else. But as Muslims, we have many obligations that we should not leave behind. Among those obligations is prayer. Sometimes the problem we face when we want to pray is that we are not in the house, or we don’t have time to enter a room, whether it’s a mosque, a house, or something else, to pray.
The consequence is that we have to pray in vehicle, whether it’s a car, bus, train, taxi, or something else. The question is, what is the law of prayer on a vehicle and how do you do it?
As always, before I answer the question above, I will quote the two hadith that are specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Prayer (Salat) in Vehicle
The hadith about prayer (salat) in vehicle that I mean is as follows;
عَنْ عَامِرٍ بْنِ رَبِيْعَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ رَأَيْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ حَيْثُ تَوَجَّهَتْ بِهِ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ . زَادَ الْبُخَارِيُّ ؛ يُوْمِئُ بِرَأْسِهِ – وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَصْنَعْهُ فِيْ الْمَكْتُوْبَةِ
From ‘Amir bin Rabi’ah radliyallaahu ‘anhu he said, “I have seen the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam pray on his vehicle wherever the vehicle drove.” The hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
وَلِأَبِيْ دَاوُدَ مِنْ حَدِيْثِ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ ؛ وَكَانَ إِذَا سَافَرَ فَأَرَادَ أَنْ يَتَطَوَّعَ اِسْتَقْبَلَ بِنَاقَتِهِ الْقِبْلَةَ ، فَكَبَّرَ ثُمَّ صَلَّى حَيْثُ كَانَ وَجْهُ رِكَابِهِ
From Abu Daud from the hadith narrated by Anas radliyallaahu ‘anhu, “If he (Prophet Muhammad) is traveling then he wants to perform sunnah prayers, then he exposes his camel towards qibla. He then did takbir then prayed facing which direction his vehicle was facing.”
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
One; The sunnah prayer performed on the vehicle is valid even though it is not facing the qiblah. But that is the condition, when someone does takbir he must face the qiblah first.
Two; Mandatory prayer (salat) must not be made on vehicles that do not lead to qiblah, because facing the qiblaا is one of the legal requirements for prayer.