The Pillars of Prayer (Salat) in Islam

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The Pillars of Prayer (Salat) in Islam ~ Hi all readers! Prayer (salat) is a very important ritual in Islam. Not only that, even prayer is one of the pillars of Islam. In other words, a Muslim will sin if he does not do that. In addition, one of the other important things about prayer that we must know is, that prayer has several pillars. If one of these pillars does not exist, then the prayer performed by someone is invalid. In the study of Islamic law, the pillars of prayer (salat) are called أَرْكَانُ الصَّلَاةِ. That is what I will explain in this article.

By the way, before I explain the theme of this article further, do you know what are the pillars of prayer (salat)? Maybe there is one of you who already knows. But for those of you who don’t know, I want to say that there are ten pillars of prayer. The ten pillars are; intention, takbir ihram, standing in the obligatory prayers for those who are able to do that, reciting surah al-Fatihah, bowing, standing straight after bowing, prostration, sitting between two prostrations, sitting the last in tasahud and reading tasahud, and greetings.

Ten Pillars of Prayer (Salat) in Islam

One; Intention (Niyyat).

I guess we all know what intention (niyyat)is. The intention in prayer is one of the most important pillars because it will distinguish between movements in prayer and ordinary movements that resemble prayer. That is, if we do the movements in prayer and read the readings in prayer, if we do it all without the intention to pray, then the movements that we do and the readings that we say are not prayer. This is the important point.

Two; Takbir Ihram.

What is meant by “takbir ihram” is the utterance of those who pray (Allahu Akbar: اَللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ). The person who does the prayer must say it by raising his hands. So, if we do not do that, either by accident or forgetfulness, then our prayers are invalid.

Three; Standing in obligatory prayers for those who are able to do that.

What is meant by this third point is, that someone who wants to do the obligatory prayers, such as Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha, Fajr, must do so by standing. Of course it’s with the note that he was able to stand up. If he is unable to stand, then he may pray by sitting, sleeping on his side, or even just by gesturing.

Maybe now you ask, what if what is done is recommended prayer, such as Qabliyah prayer and Ba’diyah prayer? Regarding the case, Islamic legal experts agreed that a person may do the recommended prayer by sitting even though he is able to stand up.

Four; Reciting surah al-Fatihah.

Reciting surah al-Fatihah in prayer is a must. Without it, the prayer that someone does is invalid. Someone who is praying must read it in Arabic, not another language. If he is unable to do that, then he must learn to do it.

If there is someone who does not memorize surah al-Fatihah, then he must read some verses of the Quran which are equivalent to seven verses in surah al-Fatihah. If he is still unable to do that, then he must read dhikr, such as al-Hadulillah (الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ), Allahu Akbar (اللهُ أَكْبَرُ), and La ilaha illallahu (لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ).

Read Also:

Prayer in Islam: Salat: Daily Prayers

Five; Bowing (Rukuk).

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Founder, Author, Indonesian Blogger, Muslim, Graduate of Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

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