Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain some optionality in Islam. What I mean is that if we are in a condition, such as if we are on a journey, we are given several options to carry out obligations as adherents of Islam. I will explain it in several contexts.
As always, before I explain optionality in Islam further, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Optionality in Islam
The hadith about optionality in Islam that I mean is as follow;
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ؛ كَانَ يَقْصِرُ فِيْ السَّفَرِ وَيُتِمُّ وَيَصُوْمُ وَيُفْطِرُ . رَوَاهُ الدَّارُقُطْنِيُّ
From Aisha radliyallahu anha, “That the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam performed Qasr prayers on the way, perfecting prayer (not performing Qasr prayer, fasting, and eating (not fasting).” The hadith is narrated by ad-Daruquthni.
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
One: The hadith explain, that if someone is on a journey, he may perform the Qasr prayer.
Two: The hadith explain, that if someone is on a journey, he may pray with a complete number of rak’ahs, not reduced like the Qasr prayer.