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Optionality in Islam

Guidelines Islamic Law: Hi all readers! In this article I will explain some optionality in Islam. What I mean is that if we are in a condition, such as if we are on a journey, we are given several options to carry out obligations as adherents of Islam. I will explain it in several contexts.

As always, before I explain the theme of this article further, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. The hadith that I mean is as follow;

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ؛ كَانَ يَقْصِرُ فِيْ السَّفَرِ وَيُتِمُّ وَيَصُوْمُ وَيُفْطِرُ . رَوَاهُ الدَّارُقُطْنِيُّ

From Aisha radliyallahu anha, “That the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam performed Qasr prayers on the way, perfecting prayer (not performing Qasr prayer, fasting, and eating (not fasting).” The hadith is narrated by ad-Daruquthni.

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There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;

  1. The hadith explain, that if someone is on a journey, he may perform the Qasr prayer.
  2. The hadith explain, that if someone is on a journey, he may pray with a complete number of rak’ahs, not reduced like the Qasr prayer.
  3. The hadith explain, that if someone is on a journey, he may not fast. In the previous articles I explained that. Please read if you want to know!
  4. The hadith explain, that if someone is on a journey, he may do fasting.
  5. All these things explain, that there are many optional ways to carry out obligations in Islam.

That is a brief explanation of optionality in Islam. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you again in the next article!

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