Movements in prayer (salat) according to Prophet Muhammad’s instruction ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain prayer movements according to what the Prophet Muhammad indicated. As Muslims, of course, we already know about that. But I don’t think everyone knows about the arguments of those movements. This is what I will explain!
As always, before I explain about movements in prayer (salat) according to Prophet Muhammad’s instruction further, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. Pay attention!
Hadith About Movements in Prayer (Salat)
The hadith about movements in prayer (Salat) that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ ؛ إِذَا قُمْتَ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ فَأَسْبِغْ الْوُضُوْءَ ، ثُمَّ اسْتَقْبِلْ الْقِبْلَةَ فَكَبِّرْ ، ثُمَّ اقْرَأْ مَا تَيَسَّرَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ ، ثُمَّ ارْكَعْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ رَاكِعًا ، ثُمَّ ارْفَعْ حَتَّى تَعْتَدِلَ قَائِمًا ، ثُمَّ اسْجُدْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ سَاجِدًا ، ثُمَّ ارْفَعْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ جَالِسًا ، ثُمَّ اسْجُدْ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ سَاجِدًا ، ثُمَّ افْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فِيْ صَلَاتِكَ كُلِّهَا . أَخْرَجَهُ السَّبْعَةُ
From Abu Hurairah radliyallaahu anhu, that the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “If you will pray, then complete ablution, then face the qiblah then do takbir, then read the verses of the Qur’an that are easy then do bow until you are calm in a bowing position, then stand up straight, then bow down until you are calm in prostration position, then wake up until you are calm in a sitting position, then bow down until you are calm in prostration. Do it all in all your prayers.” The hadith is narrated by seven people (Ahmad, al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Daud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah).
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
One; The hadith explains the movements in prayer according to the instructions of Prophet Muhammad.
Two; The hadith explains, that a person must be holy if he wants to pray.
Three; The hadith explains, that someone is encouraged to perfect the ablution. I explained that in a number of previous articles.
Four; The hadith explains, that one must face the qiblah before takbir al-Ihram. I also explained this.
Five; Takbir al-Ihram is one of the pillars of prayer. That’s according to the majority of Islamic law experts. According to the Hanafiyah sect, prayer can begin with everything that shows glory to Allah.
Six; The hadith explains, that one must read surah al-Fatihah on every rak’ah. But there are differences of opinion about that. Malik, Ahmad, and ash-Shafi’i said, “Reading surah al-Fatihah on every rakat is one of the pillars of prayer, without which the prayer will be broken.” Abu Hanifah said, “That reading surah al-Fatihah is not a pillar. Absolute harmony is to read the verses of the Qur’an. But reading it is mandatory. People who don’t do it sin and pray is not enough without it.”
Seven; They also disagree about whether surah al-Fatihah is harmonious on every rakats? Ash-Shafi and Ahmad said, that reading surah al-Fatihah is harmonious at every rak’ah for the imam, makmum, and those who pray alone. According to the al-Malikiyah sect, it is harmonious at every rak’ah for the priest and the one who prays alone. But for Makmum, he had to read it in a low voice, he should not read it aloud. Abu Hanifah said, reading surah al-Fatihah was obligatory for the imam and the person who prayed alone in the first and second rak’ahs, while the makmum may not read it, either in a low voice or loud voice.
Eight; The hadith does not explain the greeting movement as the final movement in prayer. Even so, but it is one of the pillars of prayer that is already known.
That is a brief explanation of movements in prayer (salat) according to Prophet Muhammad’s instruction. Do you understand? If you have questions, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. I, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 283-286.