Medicine using alcohol ~ Hi all readers! Medicine is very important. All people who are sick need it. There are many ways that are used, such as herbal ingredients, chemicals, and so forth. Some people do medication using alcohol. The question is, what is the ruling according to Islam?
Before I answer the question above, I want to say, that Muslims are prohibited from drinking alcohol. The reason is that it can make someone drunk. The result is that he is unconscious and does not know what they are doing and what they are saying. In Islam, anything that can be intoxicating is called khamr.
Actually, the discussion about the use of alcohol has existed since ancient times. Of the many discussions that have taken place, the opinions of these Islamic scholars are reduced to two groups. In other words, there are two opinions about the legal treatment carried out using ingredients that can make a person get drunk, ingredients that fall into the category of khamr.
Difference of Opinions About the Law of Using Alcohol for Medicine
First Opinion; Using Alcohol for Medicine Is Not Allowed (Haram)
The reason is the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad as follows;
أَنَّ طَارِقْ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ الْجُعْفِيَّ سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّي اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنِ الْخَمْرِ , فَنَهَاهُ أَوْ كَرِهَ أَنْ يَصْنَعَهَا , فَقَالَ أَنَّمَا أَصْنَعَهَا لِلدَّوَاءِ , فَقَالَ : أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ بِدَوَاءٍ , وَلَكِنَّهُ دَاءٌ
That Thariq bin Suwaid asked the Prophet (Muhammad) Shalallahu ‘alahi wa sallam about khamr. He (Prophet Muhammad) then prevents it and forbids it. He (Tariq bin Suwaid al-Ju’fi) then said, “But I made it for medicine.” He (Prophet Muhammad) then said, “It is not medicine but disease.”
Imam an-Nawawi said about the above hadith, “In the hadith there is an explanation khamr not including the type of medicine. Thus, it is not allowed to use it for treatment, because it is not a medicine […].”
Ibn Qayyim said, “Surely prohibition (saltiness) something that resulted in the necessity to know it by all means. In the process of making (khamr) as a medicine there is a suggestion to love it and keep in touch with it. This is contrary to the intent of the Shari’a.”
I think the opinion of Imam an-Nawawi and Ibn Qayyim is very strong. That is because in addition to the affirmation of Quran and the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad about the prohibition of khamr, as we have discussed in the previous article, there is also a hadith which forbids treatment by using medicine derived from unlawful ingredients. The Prophet Muhammad said;
أَنَّ اللهَ أَنْزَلَ الدَّاءَ وَأَنْزَلَ الدَّوَاءَ وَجَعَلَ لِكُلِّ دَاءٍ دَوَاءً فَتَدَاوُوْا , وَلَا تَدَاوُوْا بِحَرَامٍ
Indeed, Allah has lowered the medicine and the disease, and made every disease there is a medicine, then you should seek treatment but do not seek treatment by using unlawful ingredients.
In another hadith the Prophet Muhammad also said;
أَنَّ اللهَ لَمْ يَجْعَلْ شِفَاءَكُمْ فِيْمَا حُرِمَ عَلَيْكُمْ
Indeed, the Prophet (Muhammad) Shalallahu ‘alahi wa sallam was asked about medicine by using khamr, he then said, “Allah does not make your healing in the medicine that has been forbidden to all of you.”
Second Opinion; Should Not Take Medication Using Alcohol
This second opinion is opinion of imam ash-Shan’ani in the book, Subulu al-Salâm. He attributed his opinion to Abu Hanifah’s priest about the allowance of drinking urine, blood, and all unclean things for the purpose of medicine.
By observing the difference of two opinions about the law of medication by using ingredients in the category of khamr, ingredients that can make a person drunk, we can conclude that such treatment laws in the teachings of Islam are haram (not allowed).
That is because in addition to the second base of opinion, which allows, it is not strong, also contradicts the many propositions contained in Quran and hadith about the prohibition of alcohol.
All Readers! That is a brief explanation of medicine using alcohol. May be useful! Amen!
See you in the next article!