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The Mechanism of Solar Eclipse Prayer and Lunar Eclipse Prayer

Islamic Rule Center: Solar Eclipse Prayer and Lunar Eclipse Prayer ~ Hi all readers! In the previous article I explained about some basic things about the solar eclipse and the moon eclipse prayers. Now, in this article, I will explain the mechanism of solar eclipse and moon eclipse prayers . The aim is so that we know about the mechanism of its implementation.

As usual, before I explain the mechanism of the solar eclipse prayer and the moon eclipse prayer, I will first quote one hadith that is specifically related to this theme. The hadith I mean is as follows;

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا : أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ جَهَّرَ فَيْ صَلَاةِ الْكُسُوْفِ بِقِرَاءَتِهَ , فَصَلَّى أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ فِيْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ , وَأَرْبَعَ سَجْدَاتٍ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Aisyah radliyallahu ‘anha, that the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam loudens the reading in the solar eclipse prayer. He then prayed four rak’ahs in two rak’ahs and four prostrations.” The hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

Read;

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There are some important things related to the above hadith that we need to know;

  1. The hadith explains that a person is required to amplify the sound of his reading in the solar eclipse prayer. But there are differences of opinion about that. Ahmad and the two prayers of Abu Hanifah said, that someone is required to harden his reading in the Eclipse prayer. The majority of Islamic law experts are of the opinion that one must lower the sound of his reading in the Solar Eclipse prayer and amplify the sound of his reading in the Lunar Eclipse because it is analogous to the five obligatory prayers.
  2. The hadith explains about the first mechanism of the Solar Eclipse prayer. That is the opinion of the majority of Islamic legal experts; two rak’ahs, in each rak’ah there are two bowing and two prostrations. The Hanafiyah sect believes that the number of rak’ahs is two rak’ahs like the other sunnah prayers.
  3. The hadith explains that the Solar Eclipse prayer is performed with other people (in congregation). There are differences of opinion about that. The majority of Islamic legal experts argue that it can be done alone.
  4. As for the Lunar Eclipse, the Shafi’iyah and Hanabilah sects say that there are two bowing in every rak’ah. The point is that two bowing is like a solar eclipse prayer which is done together. The Hanafiyah sect says that the lunar eclipse prayer is performed like other sunnah prayers; two rak’ahs and one bowing. The Malikiyah Sect said that the Lunar Eclipse prayer was two rak’ahs and it was recommended that the recitations in the prayer be recited aloud and be carried out like the other sunnah prayers.

The intention to perform the solar eclipse prayer is as follows;

أُصَلِّي سُنَّةً لِكُسُوْفِ الشَّمْسِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ مُسْتَقْبِلَ الْقِبْلَةِ لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to do the sunnah prayer because of a solar eclipse, two rak’ahs facing the qiblah because of Allah Taala.

While the intention to perform the Moon Eclipse prayer is as follows;

أُصَلِّي سُنَّةً لِخُسُوْفِ الْقَمَرِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ مُسْتَقْبِلَ الْقِبْلَةِ لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to do the sunnah prayer because of a moon eclipse, two rak’ahs facing the qiblah because of Allah Taala.

That’s a brief explanation of solar eclipse and moon eclipse prayers. If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful!

See you again in the next article!

Reference;

Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 113-114.

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