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The Mechanism of Janazah Prayer

Learning Islamic Law: Hi all readers! In several previous articles I have explained several things related to death. In this article I will explain the mechanism of Janazah prayer. In Islam, the last right of a Muslim when the person (another Muslims) dies are prayer for him/her. The point is that the Muslims who are still alive are required to pray for them.

But what I need to say here is, that the obligation is Fardlu Kifayah. The point is that this obligation will be lost if there is even one Muslim who has done it. If no one Muslim does that, then all the Muslims are sinned.

Therefore, in this article I will explain a few things about Janazah prayer.

Read;

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As with prayers in general, a Muslim/Muslima is required to be in a holy when he/she performs the Janazah prayer. He must perform ablution and avoid everything that could damage it. I have explained that in several previous articles.

In Janazah prayer there are no bowing, prostration, sitting between two prostrations, initial tasyahud, and final tasyahud. Janazah prayer is done with the following things;

  1. Stand for people who are able to do it. If the person is not able to stand up, then he can do it by sitting.
  2. Intention to do Janazah prayer.
  3. Takbir four times. After every takbir, someone who doing Janazah prayer is required to read certain readings. I will explain it all in a moment.
  4. Greetings.

The intention to doing Janazah prayer is as follows;

(If you are imam and the Janazah is male)

أُصَلِّي عَلَى هَذَا الْمَيِّتِ أَرْبَعَ تَكْبِيْرَاتٍ فَرْضَ الْكِفَايَةِ أَدَآءً إِمَاماً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to pray for the corpse of this male with four takbir, fardlu kifayah, done now, by becoming imam, because of Allah Taala.

(If you are makmum and the Janazah is male)

أُصَلِّي عَلَى هَذَا الْمَيِّتِ أَرْبَعَ تَكْبِيْرَاتٍ فَرْضَ الْكِفَايَةِ أَدَآءً مَاْمُوْماً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to pray for the corpse of this male with four takbir, fardlu kifayah, done now, by becoming makmum, because of Allah Taala.

(If you are imam and the Janazah is female)

أُصَلِّي عَلَى هَذَهِ الْمَيِّتَةِ أَرْبَعَ تَكْبِيْرَاتٍ فَرْضَ الْكِفَايَةِ أَدَآءً إِمَاماً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to pray for the corpse of this female with four takbir, fardlu kifayah, done now, by becoming imam, because of Allah Taala.

(If you are makmum and the Janazah is female)

أُصَلِّي عَلَى هَذَهِ الْمَيِّتَةِ أَرْبَعَ تَكْبِيْرَاتٍ فَرْضَ الْكِفَايَةِ أَدَآءً مَاْمُوْماً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to pray for the corpse of this female with four takbir, fardlu kifayah, done now, by becoming makmum, because of Allah Taala.

(If you are imam, the Janazah is male, and done indirectly)

أُصَلِّي عَلَى الْمَيِّتِ ( اِسْمُ الْمَيِّتِ ) الْغَائِبِ أَرْبَعَ تَكْبِيْرَاتٍ فَرْضَ الْكِفَايَةِ إِمَاماً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to pray for the corpse of this male (the name) with four takbir, fardlu kifayah, done indirectly, by becoming imam, because of Allah Taala.

(If you are is makmum, the Janazah in male, and done indirectly)

أُصَلِّي عَلَى الْمَيِّتِ ( اِسْمُ الْمَيِّتِ ) الْغَائِبِ أَرْبَعَ تَكْبِيْرَاتٍ فَرْضَ الْكِفَايَةِ مَاْمُوْماً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to pray for the corpse of this male (the name) with four takbir, fardlu kifayah, done indirectly, by becoming makmum, because of Allah Taala.

(If you are imam, the Janazah is female, and done indirectly)

أُصَلِّي عَلَى الْمَيِّتَةِ ( اِسْمُ الْمَيِّتَةِ ) الْغَائِبَةِ أَرْبَعَ تَكْبِيْرَاتٍ فَرْضَ الْكِفَايَةِ إِمَاماً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to pray for the corpse of this female (the name) with four takbir, fardlu kifayah, done indirectly, by becoming imam, because of Allah Taala.

(If you are makmum, the Janazah is female, and done indirectly)

أُصَلِّي عَلَى الْمَيِّتَةِ ( اِسْمُ الْمَيِّتَةِ ) الْغَائِبَةِ أَرْبَعَ تَكْبِيْرَاتٍ فَرْضَ الْكِفَايَةِ غَائِباً مَاْمُوْماً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to pray for the corpse of this female (the name) with four takbir, fardlu kifayah, done indirectly, by becoming prosperous, because of Allah Taala.

The meaning of Janazah Prayer that be done indirectly is if the person who died was not in front of us when we pray for him/her.

After the first Takbir we must read Surah al-Fatihah.

After the second Takbir we must read prayer for Prophet Muhammad. We can read prayer that we normally read in prayer when we sit the final tasyahud;

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مَحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيْم ، وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيْم فِي الْعَالَمِيْنَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ

“O Allah, give glory to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You have given glory to Abraham. Give blessings to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you gave blessings to Abraham in the universe. Indeed, You are the Most Praising and Most Noble.

After the third takbir we must pray for people who have died. We can read the prayer below;

(If the Janazah is male)

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهُ وَارْحَمْهُ وَعَافِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنْهُ

O Lord, forgive him, bless him, heal him, and forgive him.

(If the Janazah is female)

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهَا وَارْحَمْهاَ وَعَافِهاَ واعْفُ عَنْهاَ

O Lord, forgive her, bless her, heal her, and forgive her.

After the fourth takbir we must pray for people who have died. We can read the prayer below;

(If the Janazah is male)

اللَّهُمَّ لَا تَحْرِمْناَ أَجْرَهُ وَلَا تَفْتِنّاَ بَعْدَهُ وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلَهُ

O Lord, do not forbid us to the reward, do not give us trials upon his death, forgive us and him.

(If the Janazah is female)

اللَّهُمَّ لَا تَحْرِمْناَ أَجْرَهاَ وَلَا تَفْتِنّاَ بَعْدَهاَ وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلَهاَ

O Lord, do not forbid us to the reward, do not give us trials upon her death, forgive us and her.

If we have finished the four takbirs, then we should say greetings as usual when we are praying. But what we have to say when we salute the Janazah prayer is as follows;

السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ

May the greetings, mercy and goodness of Allah always be bestowed upon you.

All Readers! That is a brief explanation of mechanism of Janazah prayer. I want to say again, that it is all done standing; no bowing, prostration, sitting.

I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you in the next article!

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