Now I will explain the makmum meaning in prayer (Islamic law). As Muslims, you must understand that because the meaning of the word “makmum” in prayer is very different from the meaning of the word in Arabic and English.
The prayer I mean in this discussion is the congregational prayer (prayer performed with other people). In congregational prayer there are two components that should not be separated. The two components I mean are the makmum and the imam.
The makmum meaning in prayer (Islamic law) is as follows:
الَّذِيْ يَقِفُ خَلْفَ الْإِمَامِ فِيْ الصَّلَاةِ
The person standing behind imam in prayer.
For example, if you and I perform the Jamaah prayer, if I am the imam, then you are the congregation. I have to stand in front of you and you have to stand behind me.
Some hadiths that explain makmum and imam in Jamaah prayer are as follows:
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ ؛ إِنَّمَا جَعَلَ الْإِمَامُ لِيُؤَتِمَّ بِهِ . فَإِذَا كَبَّرَ فَكَبِّرُوْا وَلَا تُكَبِّرُوْا حَتَّى يُكَبِّرَ . وَإِذَا رَكَعَ فَارْكَعُوْا وَلَا تَرْكَعُوْا حَتَّى يَرْكَعَ . وَإِذَا قَالَ سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ ، فَقُوْلُوْا ؛ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ . وِإِذَا سَجَدَ فَاسْجُدُوْا وَلَا تَسْجُدُوْا حَتَّى يَسْجُدَ . وَإِذَا صَلَّى قَائِمًا فَصَلُّوْا قِيَامًا ، وَإِذَا صَلَّى قَاعِدًا فَصَلُّوْا قُعُوْدًا أَجْمَعِيْنَ . رَوَاهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ
From Abu Hurairah radliyallahu anhu, he said,” The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Surely someone is made a priest so that he is followed. If he does takbir, then do takbir. Don’t you do takbir before he does takbir. If he does bow, then bow. Do not bow before you bow. If he says, “Sami’allaahu liman hamidah (Allah hears the person who praises him,” then say “Allaahumma Rabbanaa wa laka al-Hamdu (O Allah, our Lord, only You praise all things.” If he prostrates, then bow down “Do not make your prostration before you do prostration.” If he prays by standing, then pray by standing up. If he prays by sitting, then pray by sitting all.” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud.
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ ؛ صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ذَاتَ لَيْلَةٍ فَقُمْتُ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ ، فَأَخَذَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِرَأْسِيْ مِنْ وَرَائِيْ فَجَعَلَنِيْ عَنْ يَمِيْنِهِ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Ibn Abbas radliyallahu anhuma, he said,” I once prayed with the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam one night. I then stood on his left side. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam then took my head from behind me and directed me on his right side.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
Makmum Meaning in the Context of the State
Now I will explain the makmum meaning in the context of the state. As Muslims, you must understand that because the meaning of the word “makmum” in the context of the state is very different from the meaning of the word in Arabic, English, and prayer.
If we understand all the explanations above, we can conclude that the makmum is the one who is led while the imam is the one who leads.
So, specifically, I want to say that the makmum in the context of the state is the people while the imam is the president. We can also say that the makmum is the one who are led while the imam is the one who leads.
That is a brief explanation of makmum meaning in Sharia. As Muslims, we must understand that.
All readers! That is a brief explanation of makmum meaning in Arabic, English, and Sharia. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful. Amen.
See you again in the next article!