Important Points for People Who Lead Prayer (Salat) ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain the important points that must be considered by the person who leads the prayer. In fact, in any context, a good leader is a leader who pays attention to the conditions of the people he leads, both from health, economic, and so on. Likewise, with the prayer leader. He may not be arbitrary in making decisions. He must have very large sensitivity.
As always, before I speak further about people who lead prayer (salat), I will quote the hadith which is specifically related to our discussion. Pay attention!
Hadith About People Who Lead Prayer (Salat)
The hadith about people who lead prayer (salat) that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ أَبِيْ الْعَاصِ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ اِجْعَلْنِيْ إِمَامَ قَوْمِيْ . فَقَالَ : أَنْتَ إِمَامُهُمْ وَاقْتَدِ بِأَضْعَفِهِمْ وَاتَّخِذْ مُؤَذِّنًا لَا يَأْخُذُ عَلَى أَذَانِهِ أَجْراً . أَخْرَجَهُ الْخَمْسَةُ
From Uthman ibn Abi al-shAsh radliyallaahu ‘anhu, he said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, make me the leader of my people.” The Messenger of Allah then said, “You are their leader. Look at the condition of the weakest! And make people who do not take payment as someone who echo adhan.” The hadith is narrated by five people (Ahmad, Abu Daud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa’I, Ibn Majah).
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
One; The person who leads prayer (salat) must pay attention to the conditions of the people who pray behind him. Thus, if there are people who have poor health or weak people, the people who lead the prayer may not extend their prayers, such as reading many verses of Quran and so on.
Two; Important people in an area need to choose someone to echo adhan so that he gathers people to pray (salat).
Three; We recommend that the person who echo adhan (call to prayer) does not ask for payment for the adhan.
Four; There are differences of opinion among Islamic law experts about the third point. Abu Hanifah argued that the person in charge of echoing Adhan should not take payment. The Hanabilah sect argued, that he should not take payment if he already had income to meet his daily needs. But if he has no income, then his needs are fulfilled from Baitul Maal (Muslim cash assets used for the purpose of spreading Islamic teachings). Some opinions of the Shafi’iyah sect are of the opinion, that a leader may give a fee for the person who echo adhan from the Baitul Maal, his own property, or the property of the local population. The Malikiyah sect has two opinions; 1) people who echo adhan are prohibited from taking payments; 2) the person who raises and may take the fee. Ibn ‘Arabi argues, that he may take payment.
Five; People who have a good understanding of religion and good reading of Quran may ask to be the leader of prayer (salat).
All readers! Those are some important points that must be considered by the person who lead prayer (salat) or the person who is the leader of a mosque. He must pay attention to the welfare of the person in charge of echoing Adhan, the physical condition of the people who pray behind him.
Now, do you understand? The problem is simple and the explanation that I have explained is very clear. So, I hope you understand.
There is one more important point that I want to convey regarding our discussion, that the above statement also shows one of the points of Islamic humanism.
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!