Are Junub People and Menstrual Women Allowed to Come to Mosque? ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain Islamic law about junub people and menstruation women if they want to pass or enter the mosque. What I mean by people who are junub is someone who has sex or whose sperm has come out and he hasn’t taken a bath. That person can be male or female. As for women who are menstruating, I think we all already know about that.
As always, before I explain this topic further, I will quote the hadith which is specifically related to our discussion. Pay attention!
Hadith About Junub People and Menstrual Women
The hadith about Junub people and menstrual women that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : إِنِّيْ لَا أُحِلُّ الْمَسْجِدَ لِحَائِضٍ وَلَا جُنُبٍ . رَوَاهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ
From Aisha radliyallaahu ‘anhaa, she said, “The Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Indeed I do not allow women who are menstruating and those who live in the mosque.” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud.
All readers! If we look at the hadith above, then of course we already understand, that people who are in junud (male or female) and women who are menstruating cannot stay in the mosque. But we need to know the differences of opinion among experts on Islamic law on this issue;
One Ash-Shafi’i and Ahmad said that people who are junub may pass in the mosque. The conclusion was taken based on the word of Allah Taala;
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَقۡرَبُواْ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَأَنتُمۡ سُكَٰرَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَعۡلَمُواْ مَا تَقُولُونَ وَلَا جُنُبًا إِلَّا عَابِرِي سَبِيلٍ حَتَّىٰ تَغۡتَسِلُواْۚ وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرۡضَىٰٓ أَوۡ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوۡ جَآءَ أَحَدٞ مِّنكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡغَآئِطِ أَوۡ لَٰمَسۡتُمُ ٱلنِّسَآءَ فَلَمۡ تَجِدُواْ مَآءٗ فَتَيَمَّمُواْ صَعِيدٗا طَيِّبٗا فَٱمۡسَحُواْ بِوُجُوهِكُمۡ وَأَيۡدِيكُمۡۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ عَفُوًّا غَفُورًا ٤٣
O you who believe! do not go near prayer when you are Intoxicated until you know (well) what you say, nor when you are under an obligation to perform a bath– unless (you are) travelling on the road– until you have washed yourselves; and if you are sick, or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth, then wipe your faces and your hands; surely Allah is Pardoning, Forgiving. (An-Nisaa’ ; 43).
Two; Abu Hanifah said that people who are junub or menstruating women may not enter the mosque even if only to pass.
Three; Malik said, that people who are in junub or women who are menstruating must not enter through in the mosque absolutely except in forced conditions, and even then, the person must first benefit.
As for differences of opinion about women who are menstruating or are in postpartum blood (nifas);
One; Abu Hanifah said that they were forbidden from entering the mosque like someone who was in a junub.
Two; Malik also said that, except in a forced state, like they were worried about the safety of their lives or property.
Three; Ash-Shafi’i and Ahmad said that they may pass in the mosque if they believe they will not dirty it.