Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of “is Witr fard?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!
Specifically, there are three important things about “is Witr fard?” which I will explain in this article. The three important things I mean are as follows:
What Is Witr?
The first important thing about “is Witr fard?” what I will explain now is “what is Witr?”. I want you to understand that because it is one of the basic things in this discussion that must be well understood.
Witr is a word in Arabic. The writing is الْوِتْرُ. Literally, the meaning of the word Witr is odd.
In Islamic legal literacy, Witr (الْوِتْرُ) is one of the terms of the Sunnah prayer. The prayer is the Witr prayer (صَلَاةُ الْوِتْرِ). Witr prayer is a prayer that is performed with odd rakats, such as one rakat, three rakat, five rakat, seven rakat, and so on. So, Muslims cannot perform Witr prayers with even rakats, such as two rakats, four rakats, six rakats, eight rakats, and so on.
Witr prayer time is after Isha until the second dawn (dawn sadiq). Muslims can do it before they sleep or after waking up. We can find this explanation in the hadith below:
عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ ؛ إِذَا طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ فَقَدْ ذَهَبَ وَقْتُ كُلِّ صَلَاةِ اللَّيْلِ وَالْوِتْرِ ، فَأَوْتِرُوْا قَبْلَ طُلُوْعِ الْفَجْرِ . رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ
From Ibn Umar radliyallahu anhumaa, from the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, he said, “If dawn has arisen, then really the time for evening prayer and Witr prayer is gone. Pray Witr before dawn appears!” The hadith is narrated by at-Tirmidhi.
In Islam, the Witr prayer has many virtues. One of them is that Allah loves the Witr prayer and those who perform it. We can find this explanation in the hadith below:
عَنْ عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ؛ أَوْتِرُوْا يَا أَهْلَ الْقُرْآنِ فَإِنَّ اللهَ وِتْرٌ يُحِبُّ الْوِتْرَ . رَوَاهُ الْخَمْسَةٌ
From Ali radliyallahu anhu, he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Pray Witr, O Ahul Quran! Indeed, Allah is one and likes the Witr prayer.” The hadith is narrated by five people (Ahmad, Abu Daud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah).
That’s a brief explanation of “what is Witr?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.
What Is Fard?
The first important thing about “is Witr fard?” what I will explain now is “what is fard?”. I want you to understand that because it is one of the important things in this discussion that must be understood properly
In simple terms, I would like to say that “Fard” is one of the most important Arabic terms in Islamic law. The writing is فَرْضٌ.
Fard (فَرْضٌ) is the legal status of a thing to be done. In Islamic legal literacy, there are two types of fard (فَرْضٌ):
One: fard ‘ain (فَرْضُ الْعَيْنِ). Fard ‘ain is the legal status of something that must be done by all Muslims who have matured (baaligh) and are intelligent (not crazy Muslims, fainted and so on). One example is the obligatory prayers five times every day (Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha).
Two: fard kifayah (فَرْضُ الْكِفَايَةِ). Fard kifayah is the legal status of something that must be done by some Muslims. If no Muslim does it, then all Muslims are sinful. One example is the Janazah prayer.
That’s a brief explanation of “what is fard?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.