Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation about “is it haram to listen to music during Ramadan?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!
Specifically, there are three important things about “is it haram to listen to music during Ramadan?” which I will explain in this article. The three important things I mean are as follows:
Music in Islamic Law
The first important thing about “is it haram to listen to music during Ramadan?” what I will explain now is music in Islamic law. I want you to understand that first because it is one of the important topics in this article that you should understand very well.
If we read some Islamic legal literature on music, we will find an explanation that there are two differences of opinion about music in Islam:
One: some Islamic jurists say that music is halal. What this means is that according to them Muslims are allowed to listen to music.
The basic arguments of some Islamic legal experts who argue that music is halal are the following hadith:
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ مَرَّ بِحَسَّانٍ يُنْشِدُ فِيْ الْمَسْجِدِ فَلَحَظَ إِلَيْهِ ، فَقَالَ ؛ قَدْ كُنْتُ أُنْشِدُ فِيْهِ ، وَفِيْهِ مَنْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِنْكَ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Abu Hurairah radliyallaahu anhu, that Umar radliyallahu anhu met Hassan who was developing (poetry) in the mosque. He then looked at Hassan with a denying view. Hassan then said, “I have developed (poetry) in it (mosque). In it there is someone who is better than you. “The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
Two: some Islamic jurists say that music is haram. What this means is that according to them Muslims should not listen to music.
As for the basis of the arguments of some Islamic jurists who argue that music is forbidden in the Quran and hadith as follows:
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَّشْتَرِيْ لَهْوَ الْحَدِيْثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَنْ سَبِيْلِ اللّٰهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍۖ وَّيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًاۗ اُولٰۤىِٕكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِيْنٌ
And of the people is he who buys the amusement of speech to mislead [others] from the way of Allah without knowledge and who takes it in ridicule. Those will have a humiliating punishment. (Luqman : 6).
The hadith I mean is as follows:
لَيَكُوْنَنَّ مِنْ أُمَّتِيْ أَقْوَامٌ ، يَسْتَحِلُّوْنَ الْحِرَ وَالْحَرِيْرَ، وَالْخَمْرَ وَالْمَعَازِفَ
Indeed, there will be some of my Ummah who will justify zina, silk, liquor (al-Khamr), and musical instruments.
Now, I would like to say that there is a difference of opinion about music in Islamic law. You can choose one of them as the basis for your opinion, but you can’t blame other people who have different opinions with you. I personally think that music is halal in Islam.
That is a brief explanation of music in Islamic law. As Muslims, we must understand that.
Haram During Ramadan
The second important point about “is it haram to listen to music during Ramadan?” what I will explain now is haram during Ramadan. I want you to understand that now because that is one of the basic things in this discussion that must be understood well.
Haram in Arabic is forbidden. We can find an explanation about it in the following Quranic verse:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ حَرَّمَهُمَا عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ
…verily Allah has forbidden both of them to the disbelievers. (Al-A’raf: 50).
The “Haram” in Islamic legal literacy has two meanings as follows:
مَا طَلَبَ الشَّارِعٌ تَرْكُهُ عَلَى وَجْهِ الْحَتْمِ وَالْإِلْزَامِ
Something that Shari’ (Allah and the Prophet Muhammad) requires to be abandoned for sure.
مَا يُثَابُ تَارِكُهُ اِمْتِثَالاً ، وَيَسْتَحِقُّ الْعِقَابَ فَاعِلُهُ
Something that if left by someone, then that person will get a reward and if he does, then he he will be punished.
So, what is meant by haram during Ramadan is things that Muslims are not allowed to do during Ramadan.
By the way, do you know what things Muslims should not do during Ramadan?
In general, if we read some Islamic legal literature on Ramadan, we will find two main things that Muslims should not do during Ramadan. The two things I mean are as follows:
One: things that are forbidden all the time. Some examples are stealing, lying, not praying and so on. Muslims are strictly prohibited from doing that because it all violates the rules of Islam. If they do that, they are sinning.
Two: things that can break the fast.
In general, if we read some Islamic legal literature on fasting in Ramadan, we will find eight things that can spoil fasting. The eight things I mean are as follows:
One: if something gets into the body orifices on purpose. For example, if water enters the throat on purpose, then our fast is broken.
Two: treating by inserting objects (medicine or other objects) in one of two ways (qubul and anus).
Three: vomiting on purpose. If a person vomits accidentally or vomits suddenly (ghalabah) then his fast is still considered valid as long as none of his vomit is swallowed again. If the vomit is swallowed intentionally then the fast is invalidated.
Four: having sex with the opposite sex (jima’) on purpose.
Five: the discharge of semen (sperm) due to contact with the skin.
Six: menstruation and puerperium.
Eight: apostasy or leaving Islam.
That is a brief explanation of “haram during Ramadan”. As Muslims, we must understand that.