Is Islam and Muslim the Same? Read This!

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Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of “is Islam and muslim the same?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!

Specifically, there are several important points about “is Islam and muslim the same?” which I will explain in this article. Some of the important things I mean are as follows:

  1. The Meaning of Islam.
    a. The Origin of the Word “Islam”.
  2. The Meaning of Muslim
  3. Is Islam and Muslim the Same?

The Meaning of Islam

The important thing about “is Islam and muslim the same?” what I will explain now is the meaning of Islam. I want you to understand that first before you read more explanations in this article because that is one of the basic things in this discussion that must be well understood.

The Origin of the Word “Islam”

All readers, we should know, that the word “Islam” or “al-Islam” when written in Arabic is “إِسْلَامٌ” or ” الإِسْلَامُ “. The word is a noun derived from three letters; sin (س), lam (ل), and mim (م). In Arabic, these three letters can take several forms, including “Salaam or as-Salaam (سَلَامٌ السَلَامُ)” and “Musaalamah or al-Musaalamah (مُسَالَمَةٌ المُسَالَمَةُ). All of them mean peace and safety. the word is the opposite of “Harb or al-Harbu (حَرْبٌ الحَرْبُ)” which means war” and the word “Khishaam or al-Khishaam (خِصَامٌ الخِصَامُ) which means war.” There are many verses of the Quran that use this word;

وَعِبَادُ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَمۡشُونَ عَلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ هَوۡنٗا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ ٱلۡجَٰهِلُونَ قَالُواْ سَلَٰمٗا

And the servants of the Beneficent Allah are they who walk on the earth in humbleness, and when the ignorant address them, they say: Peace. (Al-Furqan [25]; 63).

In a religious context, the word “Islam” is specifically used to refer to the religion brought by the Prophet Muhammad. Allah said;
وَمَن يَبۡتَغِ غَيۡرَ ٱلۡإِسۡلَٰمِ دِينٗا فَلَن يُقۡبَلَ مِنۡهُ وَهُوَ فِي ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ مِنَ ٱلۡخَٰسِرِينَ

And whoever desires a religion other than Islam, it shall not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter, he shall be one of the losers. (Ali Imran [3]; 85).

حُرِّمَتۡ عَلَيۡكُمُ ٱلۡمَيۡتَةُ وَٱلدَّمُ وَلَحۡمُ ٱلۡخِنزِيرِ وَمَآ أُهِلَّ لِغَيۡرِ ٱللَّهِ بِهِۦ وَٱلۡمُنۡخَنِقَةُ وَٱلۡمَوۡقُوذَةُ وَٱلۡمُتَرَدِّيَةُ وَٱلنَّطِيحَةُ وَمَآ أَكَلَ ٱلسَّبُعُ إِلَّا مَا ذَكَّيۡتُمۡ وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى ٱلنُّصُبِ وَأَن تَسۡتَقۡسِمُواْ بِٱلۡأَزۡلَٰمِۚ ذَٰلِكُمۡ فِسۡقٌۗ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ يَئِسَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِن دِينِكُمۡ فَلَا تَخۡشَوۡهُمۡ وَٱخۡشَوۡنِۚ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ أَكۡمَلۡتُ لَكُمۡ دِينَكُمۡ وَأَتۡمَمۡتُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ نِعۡمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ ٱلۡإِسۡلَٰمَ دِينٗاۚ فَمَنِ ٱضۡطُرَّ فِي مَخۡمَصَةٍ غَيۡرَ مُتَجَانِفٖ لِّإِثۡمٖ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٞ رَّحِيمٞ

Forbidden to you is that which dies of itself, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that on which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked, and the strangled (animal) and that beaten to death, and that killed by a fall and that killed by being smitten with the horn, and that which wild beasts have eaten, except what you slaughter, and what is sacrificed on stones set up (for idols) and that you divide by the arrows; that is a transgression. This day have those who disbelieve despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion; but whoever is compelled by hunger, not inclining willfully to sin, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (Al-Ma’idah [5]; 3).

These three letters can turn into several other word forms which of course have different meanings from the previous words. For example, we can understand it in the word “Aslama (أَسْلَمَ) which means submission and obedience”. The word is used in several verses of the Quran below;

وَأَنِيبُوٓاْ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمۡ وَأَسۡلِمُواْ لَهُۥ مِن قَبۡلِ أَن يَأۡتِيَكُمُ ٱلۡعَذَابُ ثُمَّ لَا تُنصَرُونَ

And return to your Lord time after time and submit to Him before there comes to you the punishment, then you shall not be helped. (Az-Zumar [39]; 54).

أَفَغَيۡرَ دِينِ ٱللَّهِ يَبۡغُونَ وَلَهُۥٓ أَسۡلَمَ مَن فِي ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ طَوۡعٗا وَكَرۡهٗا وَإِلَيۡهِ يُرۡجَعُونَ

Is it then other than Allah’s religion that they seek (to follow), and to Him submits whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and to Him shall they be returned? (Ali ‘Imraan [3]; 83).

The three letters can be changed again into the word “Muslim (مُسْلِمٌ) which means one who is submissive and obedient”. The word is used in the Qur’an in various forms, such as the singular (مُسْلِمٌ) and the plural “Muslimin or Muslimun (مُسْلِمِيْنَ أَوْ مُسْلِمُوْنَ)”.

Take a look at some of the Quranic verses below!

قَالَتۡ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلۡمَلَؤُاْ إِنِّيٓ أُلۡقِيَ إِلَيَّ كِتَٰبٞ كَرِيمٌ ٢٩ إِنَّهُۥ مِن سُلَيۡمَٰنَ وَإِنَّهُۥ ٣٠ أَلَّا تَعۡلُواْ عَلَيَّ وَأۡتُونِي مُسۡلِمِينَ ٣١

She said: O chief! surely an honorable letter has been delivered to me [29] Surely it is from Sulaiman, and surely it is in the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful [30] Saying: exalt not yourselves against me and come to me in submission [31]. (An-Naml [27]; 29-31).

وَوَصَّىٰ بِهَآ إِبۡرَٰهِ‍ۧمُ بَنِيهِ وَيَعۡقُوبُ يَٰبَنِيَّ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ ٱصۡطَفَىٰ لَكُمُ ٱلدِّينَ فَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنتُم مُّسۡلِمُونَ

And the same did Ibrahim enjoin on his sons and (so did) Yaqoub. O my sons! surely Allah has chosen for you (this) faith, therefore die not unless you are Muslims. (Al-Baqarah [2]; 132).

In short, I would like to conclude that Islam is the religion brought by the Prophet Muhammad. So, Islam is a religion. That is the meaning of Islam.

That is a brief explanation of the meaning of Islam. As Muslims, we must understand that.

The Meaning of Muslim

The important thing about “is Islam and muslim the same?” what I will explain now is the meaning of Muslim. I want you to understand that now because that is another important point in this discussion that must be well understood.

The word “Muslim (مُسْلِمٌ)” is the subject (doer) of the word “Aslama (أَسْلَمَ)” which is a verb. It is from the change in the word that the word “Muslim” appears and we often say it. But “Muslim” in that context means one who submits to Allah and obeys all the Prophets. Allah said;

فَأَقِمۡ وَجۡهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفٗاۚ فِطۡرَتَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلَّتِي فَطَرَ ٱلنَّاسَ عَلَيۡهَاۚ لَا تَبۡدِيلَ لِخَلۡقِ ٱللَّهِۚ ذَٰلِكَ ٱلدِّينُ ٱلۡقَيِّمُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكۡثَرَ ٱلنَّاسِ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ

Then set your face upright for religion in the right state– the nature made by Allah in which He has made men; there is no altering of Allah’s creation; that is the right religion, but most people do not know. (Ar-Rum [30]; 30).

In short, I would like to say that Muslim is one who follow the religion brought by the Prophet Muhammad.

That’s a brief explanation of the meaning of Muslim. As Muslims, we must understand that.

Read Also:

What Are the Rules of Sharia?

Is Islam and Muslim the Same?

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Founder, Author, Indonesian Blogger, Muslim, Graduate of Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

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