The Solution for Imperfect Prayer (Salat) ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain the Islamic view of a common problem that we might have done. For example, now is the time to perform Shubuh prayer. The remaining time for Shubuh prayer is only five minutes. We just woke up. After waking up, we go straight to the bathroom to urinate and wash. After that, the time for performing the Shubuh prayer is only one minute, which is only enough to be used for one raka’at prayer, even though there are two raka’at prayers that we will do. That is, we do the last raka’at outside the Shubuh prayer time. The question is, are our prayers valid?
As always, before I answer the question above, I will quote a hadith that is specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About the Solution for Imperfect Prayer (Salat)
The hadith about the solution to imperfect prayer (salat) that I mean is as follows;
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : مَنْ أَدْرَكَ مِنَ الصُّبْحِ رَكْعَةً قَبْلَ أَنْ تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ فَقَدْ أَدْرَكَ الصُّبْحَ ، وَمَنْ أَدْرَكَ رَكْعَةً مِنَ الْعَصْرِ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَقَدْ أَدْرَكَ الْعَصْرَ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Abu Hurairah radliyallaahu Taala anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Whoever has performed the Subuh one raka’at prayer before sunrise, then indeed he has performed the Subuh prayer. Whoever has done the Asr prayer one raka’at before the sun sets, then indeed he has performed the Asr prayer.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
All readers! If we pay attention to the hadith above, then of course we already know the answer to the question above. Yup! The answer is, our prayers are valid and we only need to continue one raka’at again. But there are some important things related to this issue that we need to know;
One; Whoever has done one perfect rak’ah before the prayer time ends, the prayer is valid and he must perfect the other rak’ah.
Two; Whoever has done an imperfect rakaat before the prayer time ends, the prayer is invalid and the prayer status that he does is a substitute. In this case the person cannot cancel his prayer, he simply continues the prayer he is doing.
Three; What is meant by one perfect rak’ah is the movement from takbir to prostration twice.
That is a brief explanation of the solution to imperfect prayer (salat). Now, do you understand? If you have questions, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!