How to Perform Ablution (Wudu) for Females? ~ Hi all readers! I am very sure that you have heard what ablution (wudu) is. Without ablution (wudu), some obligatory rituals, such as obligatory prayers (Fajr prayer, Dhuhr prayer, etc.), and recommended rituals, sunnah prayers, (Qabliyah prayer, Ba’diyah prayer, etc.), are not allowed.
In several previous articles, I have explained many things about ablution (wudu), such as what can damage ablution (wudu), how much water was used by the Prophet Muhammad for ablution (wudu), and so on. In this article, I will explain one important thing that is often asked by Muslims, especially women; how to perform ablution (wudu) for females?
If we read Islamic legal literacy about ablution (wudu), then we will know that there is actually no difference between ablution (wudu) for women and ablution (wudu) for men. It means that they all have to do the things that are obligatory in ablution (wudu), such as Niyyah, washing their faces, and so on. They are also allowed to do or not do the things recommended in ablution, such as gargling, inhaling water into the nose, and so on. And, something that is also very important is that they should not do anything that can break ablution (wudu) as long as they need to be in a pure state (to have wudu).
So, if someone asks you, how to perform ablution (wudu) for females? Then the answer is as follows:
The Niyyah for ablution (wudu) is as follows;
نَوَيْتُ الْوُضُوْءَ لِرَفْعِ الْحَدَثِ الْأَصْغَرِ فَرْضًا لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
I intend to do wudu to lift a small hadas, (I did it because of) obligation, because of Allah Taala.
Second; They must perform ablution (wudu) as taught by the Prophet Muhammad.
We can find an explanation of the mechanism for performing ablution (wudu) as taught by the Prophet Muhammad in the following hadiths;
عَنْ حَمْرَانَ : أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ دَعَا بِوُضُوْءٍ فَغَسَلَ كَفَّيْهِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ تَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْشَقَ وَاسْتَنْثَرَ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ يَدَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلَى الْمِرْفَقِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ، ثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ ، ثُمَّ غَسَلَ رِجْلَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ، ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ، ثُمَّ قَالَ : رَأَيْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ تَوَضَّأَ نَحْوَ وُضُوْئِيْ هَذَا . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Hamran, Uthman did ablution. He washed his palms three times. Then he rinsed, put a little water into his nose and removed the water from his nose. Then he washed his face three times. Then he washed his right hand to the elbow three times. Then his left hand is like that (like his right hand). Then he rubbed his head. Then he washed his right foot until his ankles three times. Then his left leg like that. then he said, “I have seen the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam do wudu like this ablution.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
عَنْ عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ فِيْ صِفَةِ وُضُوْءِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَاحِدَةً . أَخْرَجَهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ
From Ali radliyallahu anhu about the nature of ablution the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. He said, “He (Prophet Muhammad) wiped his head once.” The hadith was narrated by Abu Daud.
عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَمْرُو رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا فِيْ صِفَةِ الْوُضُوْءِ قَالَ : ثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَأَدْخَلَ إِصْبِعَيْهِ السَّبَاحَتَيْنِ فِيْ أُذُنَيْهِ ، وَمَسَحَ بِأَبْهَامِهِ ظَاهِرَ أُذُنَيْهِ . أَخْرَجَهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ
From Abdullah bin Amru radliyallahu ahuma about the nature of ablution. He said, “Then he (the Prophet Muhammad) rubbed his head and put two index fingers into two ears and he rubbed the outside of his ears with two thumbs up.” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud and an-Nasa’i.
There are two other important points about ablution (wudu) that I would like to explain here. I think all Muslims should know these two things;
First; that ablution (wudu) is one of the most special rituals that only the Prophet Muhammad has.
We can find an explanation of that in the hadith below;
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُوْلُ : إِنَّ أُمَّتِيْ يَأْتُوْنَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ غُرَّا مُحَجَّلِيْنَ مِنْ أَثَرِ الْوُضُوْءِ ، فَمَنْ اِسْتَطَاعَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يُطِيْلَ غُرَّتَهُ فَلْيَفْعَلْ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Abu Hurairah radliyallahu anhu, he said, “I have heard the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Verily my people on the Day of Judgment come with white light in all members of the ablution (limbs washed and wiped in wudlu) from the former ablution. Whoever of you can prolong his white light, then let him do that.”The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
Second; that we are strongly encouraged to perfect ablution (wudu).
We can find an explanation of that in the hadith below;
عَنْ أَنَسٍ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : رَأَى النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ رَجُلًا وَفِيْ قَدَمِهِ مِثْلُ الظَّفْرِ لَمْ يُصِبْهُ الْمَاءَ , فَقَالَ : اِرْجِعْ فَأَحْسِنْ وُضُوْءَكَ . أَخْرَجَهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ
From Anas bin Malik radliyallahu anhu, he said,” The Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam once saw someone on his feet there was something like a nail that was not doused with water. He then said, “Come back and complete your ablution!” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud and an-Nasa’i.
Readers all! That’s a brief explanation of “how to perform ablution (wudu) for females?” and several other important explanations for ablution (wudu). Do you understand? If you have any questions, please ask!
I think that’s all for this article. Hope it is useful. Amen!
See you again in the next article!