All readers! Are you looking for an explanation of “how to calculate mahr in Islam?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!
Specifically, there are two important points about “how to calculate mahr in Islam?” which I will explain in this article. Two important things I mean are as follows:
Hadith About Minimum Mahr in Islam
The first important thing about “how to calculate mahr in Islam?” what I will explain now is hadith about minimum mahr in Islam. I want you to understand that first before you read any more explanations in this article. Why?
In Islam, hadith is one of the main references for Muslims after the Quran. The point is that the hadith explains the Quran. In addition, in the hadith there are legal explanations that are not in the Quran.
In the Quran there are many explanations about mahr. But the explanation is very general. Some examples of Quranic verses that explain mahr are as follows:
وَاٰتُوا النِّسَاۤءَ صَدُقٰتِهِنَّ نِحْلَةً ۗ فَاِنْ طِبْنَ لَكُمْ عَنْ شَيْءٍ مِّنْهُ نَفْسًا فَكُلُوْهُ هَنِيْۤـًٔا مَّرِيْۤـًٔا
And give the women [upon marriage] their [bridal] gifts graciously. But if they give up willingly to you anything of it, then take it in satisfaction and ease. (An-Nisa’ ; 4).
وَاِنْ اَرَدْتُّمُ اسْتِبْدَالَ زَوْجٍ مَّكَانَ زَوْجٍۙ وَّاٰتَيْتُمْ اِحْدٰىهُنَّ قِنْطَارًا فَلَا تَأْخُذُوْا مِنْهُ شَيْـًٔا ۗ اَتَأْخُذُوْنَهٗ بُهْتَانًا وَّاِثْمًا مُّبِيْنًا
But if you want to replace one wife with another and you have given one of them a great amount [in gifts], do not take [back] from it anything. Would you take it in injustice and manifest sin? (An-Nisa’ ; 20).
وَكَيْفَ تَأْخُذُوْنَهٗ وَقَدْ اَفْضٰى بَعْضُكُمْ اِلٰى بَعْضٍ وَّاَخَذْنَ مِنْكُمْ مِّيْثَاقًا غَلِيْظًا
And how could you take it while you have gone in unto each other and they have taken from you a solemn covenant? (An-Nisa’ ; 21).
If we read some of the verses of the Quran above, we only get an explanation that mahr is something that a husband must give to his wife after the marriage contract (aqd an-Nikah). We do not know how much mahr should be given or the minimum mahr should be given. That’s why we need the explanation from other references. Another reference I mean is the hadith.
Actually, there are many hadiths that explain the minimum mahr in Islam. Of course, I’m not going to explain all of that now. In this article, I will explain only two hadiths.
As for the two hadiths about the minimum mahr in Islam, what I mean is as follows:
وَعَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : خَيْرُ الصَّدَاقِ أَيْسَرُهُ . أَيْ أَسْهَلُهُ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ
From Uqbah bin Amir radliyallahu anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, “The best mahr is the easiest.” (meaning: the best mahr is the one that does not trouble men).
خَيْرُ الصَّدَاقِ أَيْسَرُهُ
The best mahr is the easiest.
All readers! If we understand the two hadiths above, we can conclude that the best mahr in Islam is the least. The point is that Muslim women should not make it difficult for their future husbands with mahr.
So, there is no minimum mahr in Islam. Islam teaches Muslim women not to ask for a mahr that makes it difficult for their future husband. Why? Because a good marriage in Islam is the easiest marriage, not a marriage that makes it difficult for Muslims to marry.
We can find this explanation in the hadith below:
خَيْرُ النِّكَاحِ أَيْسَرُهُ
The best marriage is the easiest (not burdensome to the person who will marry).
That is a brief explanation of the hadith about minimum mahr in Islam. As Muslims, we must understand that.