Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of “how many rakats in Zuhr?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!
Specifically, there are three important things about “how many rakats in Zuhr?” which I will explain in this article. The three important things I mean are as follows:
Meaning of Rakats in Zuhr
The first important thing about “how many rakats in Zuhr?” what I will explain now is the meaning of rakats in Zuhr. I want you to understand that first before you read more explanations in this article because that is one of the important things in this discussion that must be understood well.
In general, we can find an explanation of the meaning of rakats in Zuhr in the definition of rakats in Zuhr below:
رَكَعَاتُ صَلَاةُ الظُّهْرِ هِيَ : أَقْوَالٌ وَأَفْعَالٌ مَخْصُوْصَةٌ فِيْ صَلَاةُ الظُّهْرِ ، تَتَكَوَّنُ مِنْهَا ، وَكَيْفِيَتُهَا مُحَدَّدَةٌ بِاتِّبَاعِ الشَّرْعِ
Rakats in Zuhr prayer are certain utterances and movements in the Zuhr prayer that are components of the Zuhr prayer, and the way of doing them is determined by following the sharia.
All readers! If we read the definition of rakats in Zuhr as I have quoted above, we will understand that rakats in Zuhr are certain sayings and certain movements in Zuhr. These speeches and gestures have been determined according to the shari’a. That is the meaning of rakats in Zuhr.
So, not all sentences can be said and not all movements can be done in Zuhr.
That is a brief explanation of the meaning of rakats in Zuhr. As Muslims, we must understand that.
Hadith About Zuhr Prayer and Zuhr Prayer Times
The second important point about “how many rakats in Zuhr?” what I will explain now is hadith about Zuhr prayer and Zuhr prayer time. I want you to understand all of that because it is one of the important discussions about the Zuhr prayer that must be understood properly.
In general, we can find explanations about Zuhr prayer and Zuhr prayer times in the two hadiths below:
عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ، قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ الْحَجَّاجُ الْمَدِينَةَ فَسَأَلْنَا جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ كَانَ رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي الظُّهْرَ بِالْهَاجِرَةِ وَالْعَصْرَ وَالشَّمْسُ نَقِيَّةٌ وَالْمَغْرِبَ إِذَا وَجَبَتْ وَالْعِشَاءَ أَحْيَانًا يُؤَخِّرُهَا وَأَحْيَانًا يُعَجِّلُ كَانَ إِذَا رَآهُمْ قَدِ اجْتَمَعُوا عَجَّلَ وَإِذَا رَآهُمْ قَدْ أَبْطَئُوا أَخَّرَ وَالصُّبْحَ كَانُوا أَوْ – قَالَ – كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّيهَا بِغَلَسٍ
From Muhammad bin Amr bin al-Hasan bin Ali: When Hajjaj came to Medina we asked Jabir bin Abdullah (about the timings of prayer as observed by the Holy Prophet). He said: The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam used to pray afternoon prayer in the midday heat; the afternoon prayer when the sun was bright; the evening prayer when the sun had completely set; and as for the night prayer, he sometimes delayed and sometimes (observed it) at earlier hours. When he found them (his Companions) assembled (at earlier hours) he (prayed) early. and when he saw them coming late, he delayed the (prayer). and the morning prayer the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam observed in the darkness before dawn.
عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ، أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : وَقْتُ الظُّهْرِ إِذَا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَكَانَ ظِلُّ الرَّجُلِ كَطُولِهِ مَا لَمْ يَحْضُرِ الْعَصْرُ وَوَقْتُ الْعَصْرِ مَا لَمْ تَصْفَرَّ الشَّمْسُ وَوَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ مَا لَمْ يَغِبِ الشَّفَقُ وَوَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الْعِشَاءِ إِلَى نِصْفِ اللَّيْلِ الأَوْسَطِ وَوَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الصُّبْحِ مِنْ طُلُوعِ الْفَجْرِ مَا لَمْ تَطْلُعِ الشَّمْسُ فَإِذَا طَلَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَأَمْسِكْ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ فَإِنَّهَا تَطْلُعُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَىْ شَيْطَانٍ
From Abdullah bin Amr reported, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said: The time of the noon prayer is when the sun passes the meridian and a man’s shadow is the same (length) as his height, (and it lasts) as long as the time for the afternoon prayer has not come; the time for the afternoon prayer is as long as the sun has not become pale; the time of the evening prayer is as long as the twilight has not ended; the time of the night prayer is up to the middle of the average night and the time of the morning prayer is from the appearance of dawn, as long as the sun has not risen; but when the sun rises, refrain from prayer for it rises between the horns of the devil.
All readers! There are two important things about the two hadiths above that we can conclude in this discussion:
One: Zuhr prayer is one of the obligatory prayers in Islam. The two hadiths above are some of the evidences for that.
Two: the time for the Zuhr prayer begins when the sun is tilted to the west and ends when the shadow of an object is equal in length to that object (before the time for the Asr prayer).
That is a brief explanation of the hadith about Zuhr prayer and Zuhr prayer time. As Muslims, we must understand that.
How Many Rakats in Zuhr?
The second important point about “how many rakats in Zuhr?” what I’m going to explain now is a specific answer. I want you to understand that because that is the main topic of this article. So, you must read the explanations below carefully.
Before I give a specific answer to this question, I would like to quote two hadiths that are specifically related to this discussion. The hadith I mean is as follows:
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَتْ كَانَ أَوَّلَ مَا افْتُرِضَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الصَّلَاةُ رَكْعَتَانِ رَكْعَتَانِ إِلَّا الْمَغْرِبَ فَإِنَّهَا كَانَتْ ثَلَاثًا ثُمَّ أَتَمَّ اللَّهُ الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ وَالْعِشَاءَ الْآخِرَةَ أَرْبَعًا فِي الْحَضَرِ وَأَقَرَّ الصَّلَاةَ عَلَى فَرْضِهَا الْأَوَّلِ فِي السَّفَرِ
From Aisha, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, she said: Among that which was obligated on Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was Salat which was two Rakats two Rakats except for Zuhr which was three, and then Allah made Zuhr Asr and Zuhr four while one is not Traveling, and made it the same as it was obligated the first time while Traveling (meaning Two Rakats).
عَنْ أَنَسٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ أَرْبَعًا وَصَلَّى الْعَصْرَ بِذِي الْحُلَيْفَةِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ
From Anas, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam prays Dzhuhur in Medina 4 rakats, and the Asr prayer in Dzulhulaifah two rakats.
All readers! If we read the two hadiths above, we will understand that the rakats in Zuhr are four rakats. That’s the answer.
All readers! That’s a brief explanation of “how many rakats in Zuhr?” and some important things about it. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that’s enough for this article. Hope it is useful. Amen.
See you again in the next article!