Hi! Are you looking for an explanation of “how many rakats in wudu?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!
Specifically, there are three important things about “how many rakats in wudu?” which I will explain in this article. The three important things I mean are as follows:
What Is Rakats?
The first important thing about “how many rakats in wudu?” what I will explain now is “what is rakats?”. I want you to understand that first before you read any further explanations in this article because it is one of the important questions in this discussion that should be well understood.
Before I give you a specific answer about “what is rakats?”, I will quote an explanation of the meaning of rakats. Pay attention to the explanation below:
الرَّكَعَاتُ هِيَ : أَقْوَالٌ وَأَفْعَالٌ مَخْصُوْصَةٌ ، فِيْ الدِّيْنِ الْإِسْلَامِيِّ ، تَتَكَوَّنُ مِنْهَا الصَّلَاةُ ، وَكَيْفِيَتُهَا مُحَدَّدَةٌ بِاتِّبَاعِ الشَّرْعِ
Rakats are certain sayings and movements in Islam that are components of prayer and the way of doing it is determined by following the sharia.
Now, if you ask me, “what is rakats?”, the answer is certain utterances and movements in prayer. So, rakats are an important component in prayer.
That’s a brief explanation of “what is rakats?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.
What Is Wudu?
The second important thing is about “how many rakats in wudu?” what I will explain now is “what is wudu?”. I want you to understand that now because it is one of the important questions in this discussion that must be well understood.
Before I give you a specific explanation of “what is wudu?”, I want to say that there are many definitions of wudu in some Islamic literatures. But the most common definition of wudu is as follows:
التَعَبُّدُ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِغَسْلِ أَعْضَاءٍ مَخْصُوْصَةٍ ، عَلَى صِفَةٍ مَخْصُوْصَةٍ
Worship Allah ‘Azza wa Jalla by washing certain parts of the body with certain characteristics.
اِسْتِعْمَالُ الْمَاءِ فِيْ أَعْضَاءٍ مَخْصُوْصَةٍ مُفَتَّتَحًا بِنِيَّةٍ
Using water on certain parts of the body that begins with the intention.
Now, what is wudu?
In some Islamic legal literature, it is explained that wudu is washing and wiping some parts of the body with the intention of removing minor hadas (الحَدَثُ الأَصْغَرُ). In general, Muslims perform wudu before prayer, read the Quran, and Tawaf.
We can find an explanation of wudu in the Quran below:
يٰٓاَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْٓا اِذَا قُمْتُمْ اِلَى الصَّلٰوةِ فَاغْسِلُوْا وُجُوْهَكُمْ وَاَيْدِيَكُمْ اِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوْا بِرُءُوْسِكُمْ وَاَرْجُلَكُمْ اِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِۗ وَاِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوْاۗ وَاِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَّرْضٰٓى اَوْ عَلٰى سَفَرٍ اَوْ جَاۤءَ اَحَدٌ مِّنْكُمْ مِّنَ الْغَاۤىِٕطِ اَوْ لٰمَسْتُمُ النِّسَاۤءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوْا مَاۤءً فَتَيَمَّمُوْا صَعِيْدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوْا بِوُجُوْهِكُمْ وَاَيْدِيْكُمْ مِّنْهُ ۗمَا يُرِيْدُ اللّٰهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِّنْ حَرَجٍ وَّلٰكِنْ يُّرِيْدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهٗ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُوْنَ
O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful. (Al-Maidah : 6).
In Islam, wudu has great importance for Muslims. We can find this explanation in the hadith below:
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُوْلُ : إِنَّ أُمَّتِيْ يَأْتُوْنَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ غُرَّا مُحَجَّلِيْنَ مِنْ أَثَرِ الْوُضُوْءِ ، فَمَنْ اِسْتَطَاعَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يُطِيْلَ غُرَّتَهُ فَلْيَفْعَلْ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu, he said, “I have heard the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say, “Verily my Ummah on the Day of Judgment will come with white light on all members of wudu (the limbs that are washed and rubbed in wudu) from the former wudu. Whoever of you is able to extend his white light, let him do that.” This hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
عَنْ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ :مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ يَتَوَضَّأُ فَيُسْبِغُ الْوُضُوْءَ ثُمَّ يَقُوْلُ : أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ , إِلَّا فُتِحَتْ لَهُ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ الثَّمَانِيَّةِ يَدْخُلُ مِنْ أَيِّهَا شَاءَ . أَخْرَجَهُ مُسْلِمٌ وَالتِّرْمِذِيُّ وَزَادَ : اَللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِيْ مِنَ التَّوَّابِيْنَ وَاجْعَلْنِيْ مِنَ الْمُتَطَهِّرِيْنَ
From Umar radliyallahu anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah alaihi wa sallam said, “It is not one of you who performs wudu then perfects it, then says, “I testify that there is no god but Allah who has no partner, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger, “except the eight doors of Heaven have been opened for him. He can enter any door he wants.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim and at-Tirmidhi. He (at-Tirmidhi) added another editor, “O Allah, make me among those who repent and make me including those who are cleansed.”
Apart from that, wudu is the most important way to get rid of minor hadas or الحَدَثُ الأَصْغَرُ (another method is Tayammum). We can find this explanation in the hadith below:
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : لَا يَقْبَلُ اللهُ صَلَاةَ أَحَدِكُمْ إِذَا أَحْدَثَ حَتَّى يَتَوَضَّأَ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu, that the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, “Allah does not accept someone’s prayer from you if he has hadas (small hadas: الحَدَثُ الأَصْغَرُ) until he performs wudu.” This hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
That’s a brief explanation of “what is wudu?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.