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Hajj for People Who Have Died

Islamic Rule: Hi all readers! In this article I will explain the legality of Hajj for people who have died. Maybe you have a family who promised to make the pilgrimage but they can’t do that until they die. Maybe we have a father or mother who passed away before they both made the Hajj. The question is, may we make a pilgrimage for them; for people who have passed away? If you want years of explanation, then you should read this article to the end!

As usual, before I explain more about the legality of Hajj for people who have died, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. The hadith I mean is as follows;

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ امْرَأَةً مِنْ جُهَيْنَةَ جَاءَتْ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَتْ : إِنَّ أُمِّيْ نَذَرَتْ أَنْ تَحُجَّ فَلَمْ تَحُجَّ حَتَّى مَاتَتْ , أَفَأَحُجُّ عَنْهَا ؟ قَالَ : نَعَمْ , حُجِّيْ عَنْهَا , أَرَأَيْتِ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى أُمُّكِ دَيْنٌ أَكُنْتِ قَاضِيَتَهُ ؟ أُقْضُوْا اللهَ فَاللهُ أَحَقُّ بِالْوَفَاءِ . رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ

From Ibn Abbas radliyallahu, that a woman from Juhainah came to the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and said, “Indeed my mother has promised to perform the Hajj, but she has not performed Hajj until she dies. Do I have to make the pilgrimage to replace her?” He said, “Yes. Do Hajj for her! Don’t you see, if your mother has a debt, then you will pay it? Pay promises to God. (Promise to) Allah must be done more.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari.

Read;

Obligations in Hajj; A Best Explanation

The Pillars of Hajj; A Best Explanation

All Readers! There are some important things about the above hadith that we must know;

First; The hadith explains that women may ask men if that is indeed necessary.

Second; The hadith explains the legality of performing hajj for people who have died.

Third; Men can do hajj for women and women can do hajj for men.

Fourth; The hadith explains the obligation to do good to parents.

Fifth; The hadith explains that we must prioritize obligations relating to Allah rather than obligations relating to beings.

Sixth; The hadith explains the obligation to pay the debts of people who have died worldwide.

Seventh; The hadith explains the meaning of the Quran in this;

وَأَن لَّيۡسَ لِلۡإِنسَٰنِ إِلَّا مَا سَعَىٰ ٣٩

And that there is not for man except that [good] for which he strives. (An-Najm [53]; 39).

All Readers! That is a brief explanation of hajj for people who have died. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you in the next article!

Reference;

Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibanatu al-Ahkam Syarhu Bulughi al-Maram, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 360-362.

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