Important Points About Hajj for Others ~ Hi all readers! Do you still remember the explanation about Hajj for others in some of the previous articles? That’s important. You must know that. There is one more important thing about Hajj for others that I have not explained in the article. I will explain it here. What I mean is, if we haven’t done the hajj for ourselves, can we do the hajj for others? Can we do our obligations to others, even though we haven’t done the same obligations to ourselves? As Muslims, we must know that.
As usual, before I answer the two questions above, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion.
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Hadith About Hajj for Others
The hadith about Hajj for others that I mean is as follows;
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ : أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ سَمِعَ رَجُلًا يَقُوْلُ : لَبَّيْكَ عَنْ شُبْرُمَةَ . قَالَ : مَنْ شُبْرُمَةَ ؟ قَالَ أَخٌّ لِيْ أَوْ قَرِيْبٌ لِيْ . قَالَ حَجَجْتَ عَنْ نَفْسِكَ ؟ قَالَ : لَا . قَالَ : حُجَّ عَنْ نَفْسِكَ ثُمَّ حُجَّ عَنْ شُبْرُمَةَ . رَوَاهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ وَابْنُ مَاجَهْ
From Ibn Abbas radliyallahu anhu, that the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had heard a man say, “Labbaika an Syubrumah (I answer your call to replace Syubrumah).” He said, “Who is my husband?” The person answered, “My brother or my relatives.” He asked, “Have you done Hajj for yourself?” The person answered, “Not yet.” He said, “Do hajj for yourself first, then do hajj for Syubrumah.” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud and Ibn Majah.
All Readers! There are some important things about the above hadith that we must know;
First; The hadith explains that one must not perform the pilgrimage for others if he has not performed the hajj for himself.
Second; there are differences of opinion about if someone performs a pilgrimage for someone else, even though he has not yet performed the hajj for himself The Hanabilah Sect said, if someone performs a pilgrimage for someone else, even though he hasn’t done the hajj for himself, then the pilgrimage that he has done is his.
The point is that the pilgrimage abrogates his own obligations, not the obligations of others. The Hanafiyah and Malikiyah schools say that it is better for a person not to perform the hajj for others if he has not yet performed the hajj for himself. The point is that the law is makruh (better not done).
Third; The hadith explains that we must do our duty before we do our duty to others. Remember! Basically, doing obligations to others is a recommendation for us, not an obligation for us.
That is a brief explanation of important points about Hajj for others. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibanatu al-Ahkam Syarhu Bulughi al-Maram, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 365-366.