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Hajj for Others; A Best Explanation

Islamic Shariah: Legality of Hajj for Others; A Best Explanation ~ Hi all readers! Hajj is one of the obligations in Islam for people who are able to do it, both in terms of cost or travel. I have explained many important things about it. But sometimes there are some people who have the cost of performing the pilgrimage, but he is unable to do so because of physical conditions, either because of illness or because of very old age. The question I want to ask about that is, can we make the pilgrimage to others who experience such conditions? As Muslims we must know that. That’s why you should read this article to the end!

As usual, before I explain many things about this theme, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. The hadith I mean is as follows;

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا : كَانَ الْفَضْلُ بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ رَدِيْفَ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ . فَجَاءَتْ امْرَأَةٌ مِنْ خَثْعَم فَجَعَلَ الْفَضْلُ يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهَا وَتَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ , وَجَعَلَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَصْرِفُ وَجْهَ الْفَضْلِ إِلَى الشِّقِّ الْآخَرِ , فَقَالَتْ : يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ , إِنَّ فَرِيْضَةَ اللهِ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ فِيْ الْحَجِّ , أَدْرَكْتُ أَبِيْ شَيْخًا كَبِيْرًا لَايَثْبُتُ عَلَى الرَّاحِلَةِ : أَفَأَحُجُّ عَنْهُ ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ . وَذَلِكَ فِيْ حَجِّ الْوَدَاعِ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Ibn Abbas radliyallahu anhuma, “Al-Fadl bin Abbas radliyallahu anhu once followed the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Then a woman from Khats’am came. Al-Fadl then saw her, and she saw him. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam then turned al-Fadl’s face in the other direction. The woman then said, “O Messenger of Allah! Indeed, the obligation that Allah has given to His servants is Hajj. I knew that my father was very old. He is unable to travel; Can I do Hajj for him? He replied, “Yes.” It happened to the al-Wada Hajj (farewell hajj).” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

Read;

The Meaning of “As-Sabil” in Quran about Hajj

The Virtues of Umrah and Hajj

All Readers! There are some important things about the above hadith that we must know;

First; The hadith explains that men should not see foreign women (who are not marham), and vice versa.

Second; The hadith explains that one may perform hajj for others.

Third; The hadith explains that women may perform hajj for men and men may do hajj for women.

Fourth; The hadith explains the filial advice to both parents.

Fifth; there are differences of opinion about the legality of hajj for others. Ash-Shafi’I said, that one can perform Hajj for others for reasons that are difficult to remove, such as sakita that is impossible to heal. Ahmad said, that someone can do hajj for others, whether that person is able to do it or not. Abu Hanifah said, one must not perform the pilgrimage for others who are unable to do so, unless the other person has an obligation to perform the pilgrimage when he is healthy, but he does not do it. Malik said, one must not perform the hajj for other people who are still alive, except for people who have died and have not performed the obligatory hajj (first hajj).

All Readers! That is a brief explanation of this article. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that’s enough for this article. May be useful! Amen

See you in the next article!

Reference;

Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibanatu al-Ahkam Syarhu Bulughi al-Maram, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 358-360.

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