Friday prayer sermons ~ Hi all readers! Now I will explain the difference of opinion about standing and sitting in the Friday prayer. In general, the sermon in Friday prayer is done twice. The person who did it stood up, then he sat for a while after he finished the first sermon. He then stood up again to do the second sermon.
The question is what is the status of standing and sitting in Friday prayer sermons? Required or recommended? There are differences of opinion about that. That’s why I wrote this article to explain it.
As usual, before I answer the two questions above, I will quote a hadith that is specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Friday Prayer Sermons
عَنْ جَابِرٍ بْنِ سَمْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا : أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ يَخْطُبُ قَائِمًا ثُمَّ يَجْلِسُ ثُمَّ يَخْطُبُ قَائِمًا , فَمَنْ أَنْبَأَكَ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَخْطُبُ جَالِسًا فَقَدْ كَذَبَ . أَخْرَجَهُ مُسْلِمٌ
From Jabir bin Samrah radliyallahu ‘anhuma, that Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam doing sermon by standing. Then he sat down and then bought another sermon standing up. Whoever tells you, that he doing sermon by sitting, then he really lied.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim.
There are some important things about the above hadith that we need to know;
- The hadith explains that there must be two sermons in Friday prayer.
- Islamic legal experts disagree about the legal status of sermon in Friday prayers. The majority of Islamic law experts say, that the two sermons are one of the legal requirements for Friday prayers. They say that because the Prophet Muhammad did that in every Friday prayer. Abu Hanifah said that what is obligatory is one sermon, while the second sermon is a suggestion.
- The hadith explains about the legal status of standing in sermon. But Islamic legal experts disagree about that. According to the majority of Islamic legal experts, standing in sermon is mandatory. Meanwhile, according to Abu Hanifah, some of his followers, and one of the narrations from Ahmad, that standing in sermon is a suggestion.
- The hadith explains the legal status of sitting between two sermons. The majority of Islamic legal experts say that it is a suggestion. Asy-Syafi’i said, that it is obligatory.
All Readers! That is a brief explanation of differences of opinion about standing and sitting in Friday prayer sermons. If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful!
See you again in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 57-58.