Is Fasting in Ramadan Obligatory? ~ Hi all readers! Of course, we already know, that soon the month of Ramadan will come. There are many good things that we will get in that month in various ways, such as reading the Quran, giving alms, increasing prayer, and so on. In general, there is one very important activity carried out by all Muslims in that month. the activity that I mean is fasting. The question is, is fasting obligatory?
As always, before I answer the question above, I will quote the hadith of Prophet Muhammad and the two words of Allah Taala relating to our discussion.
Quran and Hadith About Obligatory Fasting During Ramadan
The Quran and Hadith about obligatory fasting during Ramadan that I mean are as follows:
عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : بُنِيَ الْإِسْلَامُ عَلَى خَمْسٍ : شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُوْلُ اللهِ , وَإِقَامِ الصَّلَاةِ , وَإِيْتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ , وَصَوْمِ رَمَضَانَ , وَحَجِّ الْبَيْتِ
From Abdullah bin Umar radliyallahu anhuma, he said, “The Messenger of Allaah alaihi wa sallam said, “Islam is built on five things; a testimony that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, perform prayers, pay zakat, fast in the month of Ramadan, and go on Hajj.”
The two verses of the Quran which I mean are as follows;
شَهۡرُ رَمَضَانَ ٱلَّذِيٓ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانُ هُدٗى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَٰتٖ مِّنَ ٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَٱلۡفُرۡقَانِۚ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ ٱلشَّهۡرَ فَلۡيَصُمۡهُۖ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوۡ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٖ فَعِدَّةٞ مِّنۡ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَۗ يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ بِكُمُ ٱلۡيُسۡرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ ٱلۡعُسۡرَ وَلِتُكۡمِلُواْ ٱلۡعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُواْ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَىٰكُمۡ وَلَعَلَّكُمۡ تَشۡكُرُونَ ١٨٥
The month of Ramadan is that in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction; therefore whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for His having guided you and that you may give thanks. (Al-Baqarah ; 185).
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيۡكُمُ ٱلصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِكُمۡ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ ١٨٣
O you who believe! fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may guard (against evil). (Al-Baqarah ; 183).
All readers! If we understand the hadith and the two verses above, we will understand that the law of fasting in the month of Ramadan is mandatory. Thus, if we don’t do it, we will sin. But what we need to know is that not all Muslims must do that. there are several criteria for people who are required to do so. The people who have to fast are Muslims, adults, intelligent people, capable of doing so, not on their way, and there are no factors that prevent them from fasting.
Conclusions about the law of fasting are the same as those of all Islamic law experts. They say that all Muslims agree on the obligation to fast in the month of Ramadan. They also agreed that if there was someone who deny the obligation then he was an infidel, unless he did not know because he had just entered Islam.
That’s a brief explanation about is fasting in Ramadan obligatory? Do you understand? The problem is simple and the explanation that I have explained is very clear. So, I hope you understand. But if you don’t understand, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. Hopefully useful amen!
See you again in the next article!